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英语领地 英语领地 英语领地

三人行,必有我师。三人行,必有我师。三人行,必有我师。三人行,必有我师。

 
 
 

日志

 
 
关于我

14年教龄,中学一级教师,区级骨干教师,具有独特的教学方法,有数年初三毕业班教学经 验,对教材理解透彻,重难点把握到位,能针对每一位学生的学习状况,精心制定适合他们的学习方法, 能帮助学生建立良好的学习习惯、打下坚实的英语基础、增加学习兴趣并且树立学习自信心,最终取得优异的成绩。

【引用】七年级英语暑期复习  

2012-04-18 22:05:02|  分类: 7年级英语下册 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

  下载LOFTER 我的照片书  |
本文转载自阳光那么暖……《七年级英语暑期复习》
 

 第一 be动词的用法

一. Be 动词(am, is, are)的用法

口诀:I 用am , you 用are ,is 连着他(he)她(she)它(it)。单数统统用is,复数一律都用are. 变疑问,往前提,句末问好莫丢弃,变否定,更容易,be 后not莫忘记,疑问否定任你变,句首大写莫迟疑。

  注意:be 动词通常会和其他词连写在一起,如:I’m , what’s ,name’s, they’re等




I ________  a student.     

You  ________ Janpanese.  

He  _______ my brother.

She_______ very nice.      

My name  ________Harry.

 I  _______ 10 years old.

Lilei _________ very tall.  

Mary, this _________ Tom.  

 Miss Zhou ________ my teacher.

What_____ this?          

The cat________ black.    

This book________ very interesting.

Lilei and I __________ good friends.   

These ________ apples.    

Those_________ bananas.

They _________students. 

________ she from China? 

  ________ you good at English?

The books ________ on the desk.  

I ______ a boy.  ______ you a boy? 

 No, I _____ not.The girl______ Jack's sister.  

The dog _______ tall and fat. 

The man with big eyes _______ a teacher.
______ your brother in the classroom?    

Where _____ your mother?  

She ______ at home.

How  _______ your father.  

Mike and Liu Tao ______ at school.    

Whose dress ______ this?
Whose socks ______  they?   

That ______ my red skirt.   

Who ______ I?
The jeans ______ on the desk.   

Here ______many  oranges  for you.

Here ______ some sweaters for you.  

The black pants ______  for Su Yang.

This pair of boots ______ for Yang Ling.    

There         some milk for me.
Some tea ______ in the glass.     

Gao shan's shirt _______ over there.  

My sister's name ______Nancy.
This ______ not Wang Fang's pencil.   

 ______  David and Helen from England?   

There ______ a girl in the room.   

There ______ some apples on the tree.
_______ there any kites in the classroom? 

_______ there any apple juice in the bottle?
 There _______ some bread on the plate.  

There _______ a boy, and ten women in the park.

You, he and I ______ from China.  

My telephone number________8563-0770.




 

第二  物主代词和人称代词的用法

. 二)代词1. 含义:

代词是为了避免重复用来代替名词的词,大多数代词具有名词和形容词的作用。

2. 1) 表示“我”、“你”、“他(她、它)”、“我们”、“你们”、“他(她、它)们”的词叫做人称代词。

2) 变化形式

              数      

              人称

         词义

   格

单数

复数

他   她   它

我们

你们

他们

主格

I

you

he   she   it

we

you

they

宾格

me

you

him  her   it

us

you

them

3) 用法 ① 人称代词的主格在句子中作主语。例如: He comes from Japan.他来自日本。

② 人称代词的宾格在句子中作宾语。例如:Let her play the piano for you.让她为你弹钢琴。

高分突破:1) 当几个代词同时作主语时,其顺序一般是:单数:you, he and I  复数:we, you and they.

例如: You, he and I are in the same school now.你,他和我现在在同一个学校。

We, you and they like our teachers.我们,你们和他们都喜欢我们的老师。

2).表示国家、大地、船只、月亮等名词常用she来替代(sun用he)。

例如: China is my motherland. She is very beautiful. 中国是我的祖国,她很漂亮。

3. 1) 表所有关系的代词叫物主代词。包括形容词性物主代词和名词性物主代词。

2) 变化形式

              数      

              人称

 

               词义

     种类

单数

复数

我的

你的

他的 她的 它的

我们的

你们的

他们

形容词性的物主代词

my

your

his  her   its

our

your

their

名词性的物主代词

mine

yours

his  hers  its

ours

yours

theirs

3) 用法

① 形容词性物主代词在句中作定语。例如:Today is his birthday.

② 名词性物主代词常用来避免前面已提及的名词,作主语、表语或宾语。       

例如:This is your backpack, mine(=my backpack) is on the floor under the bed.

这个是你的双肩背包,我的(双肩背包)在床下的地板上。

4.1) 表相互关系的代词叫相互代词。有each other, one another等,在句中作宾语。

例如:We should help each other.

  2) 其所有格格式为:each other’s, one another’s, 作定语。

例如:We don’t know each other’s names.我们不知道彼此的名字。

5. 1) 表示“这个”、“那个”、“这些”、“那些”等指示概念的代词叫作指示代词。

2) 指示代词有:this, that, these, those, such(这样的) same(同样的) 等;可在句中作主语、表语、宾语或定语。

6. 1) 表示不定数量的人或物的代词叫做不定代词。

2) 常见词:some 一些(肯定),   any 一些,任何一个(否定或疑问句)all 全都,   one  一个, each 每个, more  更多的,  most   多数的many 许多(修饰可数名词),    much 许多(修饰不可数名词),little  很少的,几乎没有的(修饰不可数名词),等。

3)另外还有由some, any, no(没有), every(每个)构成的复合不定代词。

如:someone, anyone, everyone, somebody, anybody, everybody, nobody等。

4)不定代词具有名词和形容词的性质,并有可数和不可数之分,在句中作主语、表语、宾语、定语、同位语、状语等。

7. 1) 疑问代词what, which, who, whom, whose用来构成特殊疑问句,在句中作主语、宾语、定语和表语。

2) ① what一般用来指物,指人时通常询问职业。

例如:What is your father?  He’s a teacher.你父亲是干什么的?他是教师。

②who(主格形式)谁, 作主语或表语; whom(宾格形式)谁,作宾语;whose(所有格形式)谁的,作定语。          

例如:Who’s the girl in yellow?穿黄色衣服的女孩是谁?

Whom do you want to see?你想见谁?Whose car is this?这是谁的车?

一 根据句子前后内容,写出正确的代词。




Li lei is from China.___________ is Chinese.

My name is Gina._________ am a student.

This is Tom.________ is in Grade Two.

His name is Tony.____ telephone number is 2232536

She is a student.________name is Julia.




二.用所给词的适当形式填空  
1.  That is not _________ kite. That kite is very small, but _________ is very big.  ( I )
2.  The dress is _________. Give it to _________. ( she )        
3.   Is this _________ watch? (you) No, it’s not _________ . ( I )
4.   _________ is my brother. _________ name is Jack. Look! Those stamps are _________. ( he )
5.   _________ dresses are red. (we) What colour are _________? ( you )
6.   Here are many dolls, which one is _________ ?  ( she )
7.   I can find my toy, but where’s _________? ( you )
8.    Show _________ your kite, OK? (they)
9.    I have a beautiful cat. _________name is Mimi. These cakes are _________. ( it )
10.   Are these _________ tickets? No, _________ are not _________. _________ aren’t here. ( they )
11.   Shall _________ have a look at that classroom? That is _________ classroom. ( we )
12.   _________ is my aunt. Do you know _________ job? _________ a nurse. ( she )
13.   That is not _________ camera. _________is at home. ( he )
14.   Where are _________? I can’t find _________. Let’s call _________ parents. ( they )
15.   Don’t touch _________. _________ not a cat, _________ a tiger!
16.   _________ sister is ill. Please go and get _________. ( she )
17.   _________ don’t know her name. Would you please tell _________. ( we )
18.   So many dogs. Let’s count _________. ( they )
19.   I have a lovely brother. _________ is only 3. I like _________ very much. ( he )
20.   May I sit beside _________? ( you )
21.   Look at that desk. Those book are on _________. ( it )            
22.The girl behind _________ is our friend. (she )

23. This is __________(我的)pen.

24._________(我们的) sweaters are there.    

25. I like this picture. Please give ________(它) to ________(我).

26. _____(他们) are new students. _____(他们的) names are Lucy and Lily.

27. These are _____(我们的) shoes. Can ____(我们) wear ______(它们).

28.Thank _______ for _______(你的) help.

29. _______(他) loves _______(他的)mother, and _______(他的)mother loves _______(他),too.

_______(我) love _________(你), and ________(你) love _______(我),too.

30. ___(我) am a worker(工人). _____(你) are a doctor(医生). ______(她) is a teacher.

31.This is (他的 ) ____shirt.  

提高题

一、用适当的人称代词填空:

1.    __________ is my aunt. We often visit __________.

2.    China is a developing country. __________ lies in the east of Asia.

3.    Professor Wang sets __________ a good example. We must learn from __________.

4.    What day is __________ today?   — __________ is Thursday.

5.    How far is the thunder ?  — __________ is three kilometers away.

6.    I own a blue bike. The red one doesn’t belong to __________.

7.    These new houses are so nice. __________ are very expensive.

8.    __________ say that those old houses will be rebuilt.

9.    Is __________ the milkman at the door?  — Yes, that’s __________.

10.   The fishermen caught a lot of fish, didn’t __________?

11. Ling Ling is a girl. ____ studies in a primary school. Her brother lives with

____  and helps ____ to prepare the lessons.

12. The ship is lying at anchor (停泊) . ____ comes from Shanghai.

13. This photo of your mother is very much like her. I like ____.

14. Mike is my classmate. ____ is good at physics .

15. Kate wants a glass of milk. Will you pass it to ____ ?

16. What's the weather like today ? ____ is cloudy.

二、用形容词性物主代词和名词性物主代词填空

1. I ate all ____ sandwiches yesterday. Can I have one of ____ ?

2. Tell Tom not to forget ____ book. And you mustn't forget ____ .

3. George has lost ____ pen. Ask Mary if(是否)she will lend him ____ .

4.. Jack has a dog and so have I. ____ dog and ____ had a fight (打架).

5. The teacher wants you to return that book of ____

6. Mr. and Mrs. Green and a friend of ____ are coming to see us.

7. Mary wants to know if(是否) you've seen a pair of gloves of ____ .

8. We are going to Paris to stay with a French friend of ____ .

三、用适当的人称代词和物主代词填空
A. 从括号内选择正确的代词填空
  1. Your football clothes are on the desk.    Please put _________(they,them,their,theirs) away.
  2. (We,Us,Our,Ours)_________ English teacher is Mrs. Green. We all like _________(she,her,hers).
  3. (I,Me,My,Mine)_________ can't get my kite.     Could you help _________(I,me,my,mine)?
  4. Tom can't get down from the tree.    Can you help _________(he,him,his)?
  5. Her kite is broken. Can _________(you,your,yours) mend it?
  6. We can't find our bikes.    Can you help _________(we,us,our,ours)?
  7. These are _________(he,him,his) planes.     The white ones are _________(I,me,mine).
B. 填入正确的人称代词和物主代词
  1. This isn't her knife. _________ is green.
  2. These are your books,Kate. Put __________ in the desk,please.
  3. You must look after ________ things.
  4. Wei Fang,is that ________ ruler? Yes,it's.
  5. They want a football. Give __________ the green one,please.
  6. It's Lin Tao's bag. Give ________ to __________.
  7. Is this pencil-box Li Lei's? No,___________ is very new.
  8. This box is too heavy. I can't carry _________.     Don't worry,Let __________ help __________.

  9. _____ is a boy _____ name is Mike. Mike's friends like _____ very much.

   10. My sister is in _____ room. _____ is a teacher.

  11. Jane is a little girl. _____ mother is a nurse.

  12. We are in _____ classroom. _____ classroom is big.

  13. My father and mother are teachers. _____ are busy

  14. You are a pupil. Is _____ brother a pupil, too?

四、用括号中的适当形式填空

A) (1)Are these ________(you)pencils?    Yes, they are ________(our).

  (2)—Whose is this pencil?    —It’s ________(I).

  (3)I love ________(they)very much.

  (4)She is________(I)classmate.

  (5)Miss Li often looks after________(she)brother.

  (6)—Are these ________(they)bags ? —No, they aren’t ________(their). They are ________(we).

B) 1. This bike is my sister`s. It belongs to ______ (她的)。

2. This isn`t my book. _______(我的) is in the bag. 
3. They quarrelled among __________(他们). 
4. You and I understand _________(彼此) perfectly. 
5. If there are ___(一些) new magazines in the library, take some for me.

五、根据句意用适当的人称代词、物主代词填空:

1.    Mary works in a book store.          likes          work very much.

2.    John and I are in the same school.          go to school together.

3.    Everybody likes that sport, do         ?

4.    She is a friend of         . We got to know each other two years ago.

5.    Her sister makes all          own dresses.

6.    I have many friends. Some of          are good at English.

7.    May I use          bike?          is broken.

8.   Everybody is here except Ann and ________ friend Jane. ________ are in the library now.

六、选择填空

1.    Who’s singing over there ?   — ___ is Sandy’s sister.  A. That     B. It    C. She     D. This

2.    ________ will spend the summer holiday in Hawaii.

      A. She, you and I           B. You, she and I        C. I, you and she     D. Her, me and you

3.    Between you and ____, he is not a real friend.     A. me   B. I     C. he      D. his

4.    My uncle bought a new bike for ____.    A. theirs       B. they      C. me      D. I

5.    Mr Smith often praises ________ for his progress in studies.     A. he     B. him      C. I       D. me

6.    Here’s a postcard for you, Jim!  — Oh, ____ is from my friend, Mary.

     A. he               B. it                  C. she              D. it’s

7.    Don’t shake the young tree. ____leaves are falling off. You should look after ___.

     A. It, it’s          B. It’s, it             C. Its, it           D. It, it

8.    Little Baby knows that he should not take the things that do not belong to ________.

      A. he                B. his               C. her               D. him

9.    Will anyone go on a trip with him ?  — Not ___.     A. I       B. me      C. mine       D. he

10. Among those lovely toys, the brown toy dog was given by _____.      A. he     B. his     C. him     D. he’s

 

第三 名词的相关知识

名词:1. 含义名词表示人或事物的名称或抽象概念

2. 分类1)名词可以分为专有名词和普通名词。

             人名:Gina, Lin Wei, Mr. Bush etc.

节日:Christmas圣诞节, Teachers’ Day 教师节etc.

专有名词     地名:Chongqing, China, America etc.

时间:Sunday, September etc.

             机构,团体等:CCTV, WTO etc.

             个体名词:strawberry, baseball, drum etc.(指具体的东西 )

集体名词:class, family, people, police(警察局) etc.

普通名词     物质名词:water(水), meat(肉),  etc.

             抽象名词:work(工作),  etc.

2).高分突破:一,专有名词前一般不加冠词。如:the China (×)

二,带有冠词的专有名词:

①由普通名词或形容词构成的专有名词前。

例如: the Great Wall 长城  the Summer Palace颐和园

②由“普通名词+专有名词”或“专有名词+普通名词” 构成的专有名词前。

例如: the New York Times纽约时报

③表示全体国民的专有名词前。例如: the Chinese 中国人

④表示“一家人”或“夫妇”的专有名词前。例如: the Greens 格林一家人

⑤报刊、书籍、杂志的专有名词前。例如: the Times时报

⑥团体机关、学校、医院、公共建筑的名称前。例如:the United Nations联合国

⑦江湖、海洋、山脉等名字的专有名词前。例如: the Yellow River黄河

                       可数名词:可以用数目计算,有单复数之分。

例如: documentary,  tomato etc.

3)按名词的可数性      不可数名词:不可用数目计算,只有单数形式。    

例如:rice,  broccoli,  beef(牛肉) etc.

                    单数名词:指单个的可数物体。

4)可数名词             例如: a runner,an orange ect

                    复数名词:指两个或以上的可数物体。

例如: some watches, three uncles etc.

3. 名词的数

1) 可数名词的复数形式

构成法

读音

例词

一般情况在单数形式词尾加-s

-s在清辅音后发/s/

-s在浊辅音和元音后发/z/

book – books

egg – eggs

以s, x, ch, sh结尾的词后加-es

读作/iz/

bus – buses  

box - boxes

watch – watches

以e结尾的词在后加-s

读作/iz/

horse – horses马

以辅音字母+y结尾的词变y为i再加-es

读作/z/

dictionary-dictionaries

documentary-documentaries

以元音字母+y结尾的词直接在后加-s

读作/z/

boy – boys

key – keys

以f, fe结尾的词变f, fe为v加-es

读作/vz/

leaf – leaves树叶

wife – wives妻子

thief – thieves贼

以o结尾的词在后加-es

读作/z/

tomato –tomatoes

高分突破:

① 以y结尾的专有名词,变复数时直接加-s。如:the little Marys 小玛丽们

② 以下以f, fe结尾的名词变为复数时,直接加-s。

roof – roofs (房顶)     chief – chiefs (厨师)     safe – safes (保险箱)

③ 以下以o结尾的外来词,变为复数时直接加-s。

zoo – zoos    动物园  radio – radios  收音机  photo – photos  照片

   piano – pianos 钢琴    kilo – kilos    千克    video – videos  录象带

2) 名词复数的不规则变化:

①sheep – sheep 羊  deer – deer 鹿  fish –fish 鱼Chinese – Chinese 中国人  Japanese – Japanese日本人 

②man – men  男人 woman – women 妇女  foot – feet 足  tooth – teeth牙

③child – children孩子   mouse – mice老鼠

3) 复合名词的复数形式

man teacher(男老师)—men teachers   woman doctor(女医生)—women doctors

4) 只有复数形式的名词 glasses(眼镜), thanks(感谢)clothes(衣服)

5)高分突破:一些表示量的复数名词在使用时表示单数含义,则谓语用单数。

             例如: Two years isn’t a long time to us.两年的时间对我们来说不长。

4.名词的格

1) -’s所有格形式的构成

① 大多数单数名词后加 's 构成其所有格形式。

例如: Sally’s address 莎莉的地址 my cousin’s desk我表弟的课桌

② 以 s 结尾的名词(特别是名词复数),在 s 后加 '

例如: the teachers' office  老师的办公室three hours’ class  三小时的课

③ 两个或两个以上名词表示共有关系,在最后一个名词后加“-'s”。

例如: Mary and Linda's desk    玛丽和琳达的课桌 (√)

Mary's and Linda's desk   玛丽和琳达的课桌 (×)
④如果两个或两个以上名词表示分别的拥有关系,则在每个词后分别加 'S。
  例如: Mary's and Linda's birthdays   玛丽的生日和琳达的生日

2)以of加名词组成 of 属格

例如:the color of the sweater 毛衣的颜色the name of the movie电影的名字

3)在以下情况中,只能用of与 's 构成双重所有格
   ①所有格所修饰的名词前面有一个数量词或一个指示代词that时, 要用双重所有格(数量词包括 a,  two,some,no,any,few等)。
     例如: an aunt of Mary's(=one of Mary's aunts)玛丽的一个阿姨
             some photos of my mother’s 我母亲的一些照片

that son of Mr. Smith's   史密斯先生的那个儿子

that smile of the boy's   那个孩子的微笑
4)名词所有格的省略式
   ① 当名词所有格所修饰的名词在前面已出现过,为避免重复,往往省略。
     例如: I need your trumpet, not Bill's. 我需要你的喇叭,不是比尔的(喇叭)。
   ② 当被所有格修饰的名词表示店铺、教堂或某人的家时,这一名词省略。
     例如: They do homework at Tom's. 他们在汤姆家里做家庭作业。

5)高分突破:(1) 不以s结尾的复数名词所有格的构成形式与单数名词的相同。

例如: the children's movie   孩子们的电影 the Women's Day妇女节

(2) “-'s”与“of”两种所有格的区别。

① “-'s”多用于表示有生命的名词,或表示与人类有关的时间、地点、机构。

例如: Tom's books 汤姆的书today's newspaper 今天的报纸

② “of”所有格主要表示无生命的东西。例如:the price of the pants  裤子的价格

③ 表示类别或属性时,只能用“-'s”所有格形式。

例如: a women's college   女子学院  children's books   儿童读物

④ 所有格名词后面有定语(如分词短语或介词短语等),用“of”所有格形式。

例如:It is the violin of the boy in black.这是那个黑衣男生的小提琴。

He is a student of the Fifth Middle School in Xi'an.他是西安第五中学的学生。

⑤ 当所有格中的名词是以定冠词加形容词的形式出现时,只用 of所有格形式例如:the clothes of the old老年人的衣服the books of the young年轻人的书

5 名词用法 1)作主语。 例如:The show is very boring. 这个节目很无聊。

2)作表语   例如:My brother is a student.我弟弟是个学生。

3)作宾语   例如:He studies English.他学习英语。

4)作定语   例如:pen pal 笔友  apple tree 苹果树

5)作同位语 例如:Mr. Smith, the movie star is speaking now. 电影明星史密斯先生正在讲话。We students should study hard.我们学生应该努力学习。

注意:

①当一个名词作定语说明另一个名词时,这个名词一般用单数。    eg.an apple tree,five apple trees,a girl friend,two girl friends,a twin sister

    但是,当man和woman作定语修饰复数名词时,就要用其复数形式。    eg.two men teachers,three women doctors

    ②可用“量词+of+名词复数”这一结构表示可数名词的数量。eg.a room of students,two boxes of pencils

 2.不可数名词一般没有复数形式,它的“量”的表示方式如下。

    (1)表不定数量时,一般用much,(a)little,a lot of/lots of,some,any等词修饰。

    eg,much money,a little bread

    (2)表确定数量时,一般用“数词+量词+of+不可数名词。如:two/three/…+量词复数十of+不可数名词。 eg.a bag of rice,two glasses of milk,four bottles of water

    3.有些名词既可作可数名词也可作不可数名词,但词义有所不同。

    eg: fruit水果——fruits表示不同种类的水果;food食物——foods各种食品;fish鱼——fishes鱼的种类;drink饮料、酒——a drink一杯/一份饮料、一杯酒; cloth布——,a cloth桌布、抹布; sand沙——sands沙滩; tea茶——a tea一杯茶;chicken鸡肉——a chicken小鸡;orange橘汁——an orange橘子; glass玻璃——a glass玻璃杯,glasses眼镜; paper纸——a paper试卷、论文;wood木头——a wood小森林;room空间、余地——a room房间

 

我们已经学过的不可数名词有:broccoli, food, dessert, orange, fruit, soccer, tennis, breakfast, lunch, dinner, help, opera, work, homework, time  

ice-cream, salad, chicken(既可作可数名词,又可作不可数名词)

名词的所有格:

名词的所有格(表示人或物的所属关系)

(1)有生命的名词所有格以及表示时间、距离、城镇、国家等的名词所有格。

    ①不是以s结尾的名词变成所有格时,在词尾加’s.    eg.Mike’s watch;Women’s Day

    ②以s结尾的名词变成所有格时,只加’。    eg.teachers’office,students’rooms

    ③两个或两个以上名词并列,表示共同所有,只需在最后一个名词后加’s.

    eg.Tom and Mike’s room汤姆和迈克的房间(表示汤姆和迈克共有一间房)

    ④两个或两个以上名词并列,表示分别所有,需在几个名词后都加’s.

    eg.Mary’s and Jenny’s bikes玛丽和詹妮的自行车(表示玛丽和詹妮各自的自行车)

(2)无生命的事物的名词所有格常用of结构

   eg.a map of China,the beginning of this game,the door of the room

(3)特殊形式

    ①可用’s和of短语表示的名词所有格

    eg.the boy’s name=the name of the boy(男孩的名字)    the dog’s legs=the legs of the dog(狗的腿)

    China’s population=the population of China(中国的人口)China’s capital=the capital of China(中国的首都)

    ②双重所有格

    eg.a fiend of my mother’s我妈妈的一个朋友    a picture of Tom’s汤姆的一张图片

exercise:

1.    写出下列词的复数形式。

baby_______ case_______knife_______ photo_______ Chinese_________hamburger___________

potato_______ key______ watch_______ name_______ strawberry_________ tomato__________

dollar________ orange__________ people_________ documentary____________ boy__________

piano_______ child_________ man_______ this______ that_______ I _______ she_________

you_______ bus_______ wish_______ Japanese___________ am_________

2.    翻译短语

五门学科________________________                  三部电影_______________________

一些动作片___________________________            许多手表_________________________

一点食品________________________                 一点蔬菜________________________

许多冰激凌________________________              三块鸡肉___________________________

一些工作_________________________               许多作业___________________________

四辆公共汽车________________________

3.选择填空

   1、There    on the wall .They are very beautiful. A. are photoes  B. are photos  C. is a photo  D. is photos

   2. This kind of car       made in Shanghai.     A. is   B .are   C .were D .has

   3. There are four       and two           in the group.

        A. Japanese, Germen    B Japaneses, Germen  C. Japanese,German    C.Japanese, Germans

   4. That’a          art book.      A. an   B. a   C. the D are

5. The boys have got  already. A. two bread  B. two breads  C. two pieces of bread  D. two piece of bread

6. The old man wants   .

A. six boxes of apples   B. six boxes of apple   C. six box of apples     D. six boxs of apples

7. There       some       in the river.A. is ,fish   B. are, fishs C. is, fishs D. are ,fish

8. There     two     in the box.A. is watch B. are watches C. are watch D. is watches

9. We should clean       twice a day.A .our tooth B. our tooths C.teeth D.our teeth

10.The _____ meeting room is near the reading room.  A .teacher   B.teacher’s   C.teachers’ D.teachers

11. In Britain _____ are all painted red. A.letter boxes B.letters boxes C.letter box D.letters box

4.把下列句子变成复数句。

1. This is my friend. ________________________________________________

2. This is a bike. ________________________________________________

3.That is her brother. ________________________________________________

4.This is a book. ________________________________________________

5.That is an eraser. ________________________________________________

6.It is a red orange. ________________________________________________

7.He is a teacher. ________________________________________________

8. What’s this? ________________________________________________

9.This is my mother. ________________________________________________

10.He is a Chinese boy. ________________________________________________

11.I am a student. ________________________________________________

12.A photo is on the wall. ________________________________________________

13.You are a Chinese. ________________________________________________

14.It is an action movie. ________________________________________________

15.She has a nice dress. ________________________________________________

 

第四  一般现在时态的用法

 

一、一般现在时:

【定 义】

一般现在时表示现在经常反复发生的动作、存在的状态或习惯性的动作。即描述我们日常生活中的衣食住行等活动。

【用 法】

(1)在实际应用中,一般现在时常与以下时间状语联用:always, usually, often, sometimes, every week (day, year, month, once a week, on Sundays ……

例句:He usually plays football on Sundays.

(2)没有时间状语,可以分以下四种类型:

A.be型
   这一类型由be动词+名词、形容词、副词、代词、数词或介词短语等一起构成谓语,表示主语的个性、特征或状态。如:
   ①I am a student.(主语+be动词+名词)
   ②They are hungry.(主语+be动词+形容词)
   ③He is out.(主语+be动词+副词)
   ④That pen is mine.(主语+be动词+代词)
   ⑤I am fifteen.(主语+be动词+数词)
   ⑥The bike is under the tree.(主语+be动词+介词短语)

B.do型
   do型由行为动词充当谓语,表示经常性或习惯性的动作,

其构成为“主语+动词原形或动词第三人称单数形式”。如:
   ①I know it.   ②He believes me.

C.there be型
   there be型句子表示“某地存在…”,其构成为“there be+主语+其他”,表示客观事实。用法遵循“就近原则”,即主语是单数或并列主语中的第一个主语是单数,则用there is;主语是复数或并列主语中的第一个主语是复数,则用there are。如:
   (1)There is an eraser on the teacher's desk.(主语an eraser是单数)
   (2)There is an orange,five apples and eight bananas in the bag.(并列主语中的第一个主语an orange是单数)
D.情态动词型
   情态动词型句子的构成为“主语+情态动词+动词原形”,情态动词和动词原形一起构成谓语,表示说话人对所叙述的动作或状态的看法。如:
   ①He can speak a little English.(can+speak)
   ②May I have a book, please?(may+have)

情态动词有 can能够,可以

             may可以        

             must必须             +   动词原形(不需变化)

           should 应该

 

 

1. My mom can __________(cook) food well.

2. Must she __________(stay) at home now?

3. What can the boy __________(do) for his parents?

4. Tom can’t __________(sing) an English song.

5. He may __________(perform) ballet at Kangkang’s birthday party.

6. She should __________(help) her parents do some housework.

 

练习:

一.1.I______(be) a student. My name_______(be) Tom.我是一位学生,我的名字叫汤姆。

2.Where ______(be) my shoes? They_____(be) under the bed.我的鞋在哪里?他们在床下。

3.Who ______(be) the girl in red? I think she _____(be) Kate.穿红衣服的女孩是谁?我认为她是凯特。

4.You and I _____________(not be) in Class Six.你和我不在六班。

5._______(be) there an apple on the table? Yes, there____(be).桌上有一个苹果吗?是的,有。

6. ________ her parent tall? No, he__ _____ _.他的父亲高吗?不,他不高。

7.She wants _____(have) a party.  8.Does he like _______(swim)?  9.Thanks for _______(help) me.   

二.根据()里所给词的正确形式填空。

1.Mr Green _____(be) a teacher.       2.What time ____ your brother usually _____(do) his homework?

3.You can_______(play)after class.      4. Who ____(have) a ruler?

5. Jack ____(have) a soccer ball, but he ____(not have) a basketball. 6._______Jim _______(like)______(run)?

7. He wants ________ (have) ice cream.                  8. Don’t __________(be) late for school again.

三.用括号内动词的适当形式填空。




1. He often         (have) dinner at home.

2. Daniel and Tommy        (be) in Class One.

3. We        (not watch) TV on Monday.

4. Nick        (not go) to the zoo on Sunday.

5.        they         (like) the World Cup?

6. What        they often        (do) on Saturdays?

7.         your parents        (read) newspapers every day?

8. The girl        (teach) us English on Sundays.

9. She and I         (take) a walk together every evening.

10. There         (be) some water in the bottle.

11. Mike        (like) cooking.

12. They        (have) the same hobby.

13. My aunt        (look) after her baby carefully.

14. You always        (do) your homework well.

15. I        (be) ill. I’m staying in bed.

16. She        (go) to school from Monday to Friday.

17. Liu Tao        (do) not like PE.

18. The child often        (watch) TV in the evening.

19. Su Hai and Su Yang        (have) eight lessons this term.

20.  -What day        (be) it today? - It’s Saturday.




四、按照要求改写句子

1. Daniel watches TV every evening.(改为否定句)                                                         

2. I do my homework every day.(改为一般疑问句,作否定回答)                                                         

3. She likes milk.(改为一般疑问句,作肯定回答)                                                          

4. Amy likes playing computer games.(改为一般疑问句,作否定回答)                                                          

5. We go to school every morning.(改为否定句)                                                          

6. He speaks English very well.(改为否定句)                                                          

7. I like taking photos in the park.(对划线部分提问)                                                          

8. John comes from Canada.(对划线部分提问)                                                          

9. She is a good student.(改为一般疑问句,作否定回答)                                                          

10. Simon and Daniel like going skating.(改为否定句)                                                          

五.选择填空

1.I want____homework now.  (A)doing    (B)to do  (C)to do my   (D)do my

2.It's time______.  (A)go to school    (B)play games  (C)to go home      (D)to do my homeworks

3.____you ____the blackboard?  Yes,I can.

(A)Can, clean   (B)Am, cleaning  (C)Are, cleaning    (D)Do, clean

4.______go and help her.  (A)Let's me    (B)Let's us  (C)Let's    (D)Let's to翰林汇

5.Do they have a new car? Yes,_____.  (A)they are    (B)they have  (C)they don't    (D)they do

6.He often _____supper at 6:00 in the evening.  A. have     B. has       c. is having      D. is eating

8. It’s 6 o’clock in the morning. It’s time  ___.   A. get up    B. gets up   C. to get up      D. gets up

9. We ____ any Chinese classes on Friday.   A. are having    B. aren’t having  C. don’t have   D. are have

11. Tom _______ an English class today.    A. is having      B. has     C. having      D. have

12. Are you playing basketball?   No, we ______.   A. isn’t      B. aren’t        C. not      D. don’t

13. Where _________ he _____ from?   A. is, come      B. do, come     C. does, come      D. is , from

14. What language do you __________ ?   A. say       B. speak        C. talk        D. tell

 

 

第五  一般过去时

【定 义】

一般过去时表示过去某个时间发生过了的动作或存在过的状态。即描述已经发生过了的事情。

【用 法】

A.be型

   这一类型由be动词(was和were)+名词、形容词、副词、代词、数词或介词短语等一起构成谓语,表示主语以前或过去的个性、特征或状态。如:
   ①I was a student ten years ago.(主语+be动词+名词)
   ②They were hungry just now.(主语+be动词+形容词)
   ③The bike was under the tree yesterday.(主语+be动词+介词短语)

  ④It was rainy last Sunday.

  ⑤They were very happy at Kangkang’s birthday party.

B.情态动词型

情态动词型句子的构成为“主语+情态动词过去式could+动词原形”,情态动词过去式和动词原形一起构成谓语,表示主语过去或曾经能做的事情。如:
   ①He could speak a little English last year.(could+speak)
   ②What could she do when he was ten.

C.did型

   did型由行为动词过去式充当谓语,表示以前做过的某事,

其构成为“主语+动词过去式动词”。如:
   ①I knew him when I was young.   ②He believed me at that time . 

【结 构】

主语+动词过去式+宾语 即某人+某个动词过去式+其他。

肯定式

疑问式

否定式

否定疑问式

I worked.

Did I work?

I did not work.

Didn’t I work?

You worked.

Did you work?

You did not work.

Didn’t you work?

We worked.

Did we work?

We did not work.

Didn’t we work?

They worked.

Did they work?

They did not work.

Didn’t they work?

He(She,It) worked.

Did he(she,it) work?

He(She,It) did not work.

Didn’t he(she,it) work?

否定形式:首先找句子中有没有be动词(was或者were)或情态动词(could),如果有,只要在be动词或情态动词后面加上not。如果句子中没有be动词(was或者were)或情态动词(could)那么在后面加入didn’t(无论主语是什么人称)。

一般疑问句:首先找句子中有没有be动词(was或者were)或情态动词(could),如果有,只要将be动词或情态动词提前,放到主语前面。注意:句中第一人称和第二人称要互换。如果句子中没有be动词(was或者were)或情态动词(could)那么在主语之前加入did。注意:句中第一人称和第二人称也要互换。

特殊疑问句:首先分析划线部分的意思,确定用哪个疑问词(what, where, who, when, which, whose, how, how many, how much, what shape, what colour, what … doing, where … going, what … do),然后找句子中有没有be动词(was或者were)或情态动词(could),如果有,只要将be动词或情态动词提前,放到主语前面。注意:句中第一人称和第二人称要互换。如果句子中没有be动词(was或者were)或情态动词(could)那么在主语之前加入did。注意:句中第一人称和第二人称也要互换。

【规则动词过去式构成形式】

规则动词的过去式由“动词原形+-ed”构成,具体变化有:
1. 直接在词尾加-ed。
如: want—wanted, work—worked, need—needed, clean—cleaned
2. 以不发音的e结尾的在词尾加-d。
如:like—liked, live—lived, use—used, move—moved
3. 以一个元音字母加一个辅音字母结尾的重读闭音节动词,先双写结尾的辅音字母,再加-ed。如:stop—stopped, trip—tripped
4. 以辅音字母加y结尾的动词,先把y变成i,再加-ed。
如:study—studied, carry—carried, hurry—hurried, marry—married

【不规则动词过去式】

P七·下102

【口 诀】
  一般过去时并不难,表示过去动作、状态记心间。
  动词要用过去式,时间状语句末站。
  否定句很简单,didn’t 站在动词原形前,其它部分不要变。
  一般疑问句也好变,did放在句子前,主语、动词原形、其它部分依次站。
  特殊疑问句也简单,疑问词加一般疑问句记心间。
  最后一条请注意,动词过去式要牢记。

【练 习】

一、用所给词的适当形式填空。(Be动词)

一般过去时中的be动词有两种形式: was和were

其中:was用于单数主语之后,构成I/she/he/It was…句型。

      were用于复数主语和二人称you之后,构成You/We/They were…句型。

1. I __________(be) a little girl at that time.

2. When __________(be) you born?

3. Maria __________(be) born in Cuba.

4. The weather yesterday __________(be) very cold.

5. They __________(be) very happy at Kangkang’s birthday party yesterday.

6. What __________(be) the date the day before yesterday?

7. __________(be) you at home a moment ago?

8. Where __________(be) your parents last Saturday?

9. My mother __________(be not) in Chongqing last month.

10. How __________(be) the weather this morning?

二、用所给词的适当形式填空。(情态动词)

情态动词can的过去式为could,无人称变化。

1. Jane __________(can) speak Chinese well when she was only five.

2. __________(can) they dance the disco last year?

3. I __________(can not) sleep well last night.

4. What __________(can) you do just now?

三、用所给词的适当形式填空。(实义动词)

首先根据句中提供的时间短语确定是否该用过去式。

然后判断该动词是属于规则动词还是不规则动词。

规则动词直接加ed,不规则动词则需强化记忆。

1. I __________(like) reading books before. But now I don’t.

2. She __________(watch) TV late yesterday evening.

3. We __________(clean) up our classroom a moment ago.

4. __________ they __________(have) any bread this morning?

5. What __________ you __________(do) the day before yesterday?

6. Tom __________(go) to visit the Great Wall last year.

7. Mr. Wang __________(sing) an English song just now.

8. __________ Lin Tao have a good time at the party last Sunday?

9. We __________(not porform) ballet yesterday. We __________(recite) a poem.

10. The wind yesterday __________(blow) strongly.

四、句型转换。(Be动词)

否定句:直接在was/were后加not。

疑问句:将was/were提到主语之前。

1. I was born in a small town.(变为一般疑问句)

      __________ you __________ in a small town?

2. Sam was a little boy at that time.(变为否定句)

  Sam __________  __________ little boy at that time.

3. His friends were in the library just now.(对划线部分提问)

  __________  __________ his friends just now?

4. Were they very happy yesterday?(作否定回答)

  No, __________  __________.

5. Was your brother born in Chongqing?(作肯定回答)

  Yes, __________  __________.

五、句型转换。(情态动词)

肯定句:直接在could后加not.

疑问句:将could提到主语之前。

1. I could sing English songs when I was five.(变一般疑问句)

  __________ you __________ English songs when you were five?

2. The boy could ride a bike last year.(变否定句)

  The boy __________  __________ a bike last year.

3. They could play a game yesterday.(对划线部分提问)

  What __________ they __________ yesterday?

4. Could your friends cook food last Sunday?(作肯定回答)

  Yes, __________  __________.

六、句型转换。(实义动词)

否定句:didn’t + 还原动词

疑问句:Did   + 主语     + 还原动词

1. I went to Sichuan with my friends during summer holidays.(变否定句)

  I __________  __________ to Sichuan with my friends during summer holidays.

2. She recited a poem at Kangkang’s birthday party.(变一般疑问句)

  __________ she __________ a poem at Kangkang’s birthday party?

3. They did their homework half an hour ago.(变否定句)

  They __________  __________ their homework half an hour ago.

4. Tom sang a song beautifully yesterday.(对划线部分提问)

  What __________ Tom __________ yesteray?

5. Jim took many pictures in winter holidays.(变一般疑问句)

  __________ Jim __________ many pictures in winter holidays?

6. Did the kid hurt himself just now?(做否定回答)

  No, __________  __________.

7. They knew the girl in blue well?(对划线部分提问)

  Who __________ they __________ well?

8. I forgot to close the door yesterday evening.(对划线部分提问)

  What __________ you __________ to do yesterday evening?

 

第六 现在(正在)进行时

【定 义】

现在(正在)进行时表示说话的瞬间正在进行或发生的事情。

如:They are singing and dancing happily now .

   他们正在高兴地唱歌跳舞。

   She is showing her friend around the city .

   她正在带一位朋友游览城市。

【结 构】

主语+ be(am / is / are)+动词的-ing形式。

肯定式

疑问式

否定式

I am working.

Am I working?

I am not work.

You are working.

Are you working?

You are not work.

We are working.

Are we working?

We are not work.

They are working.

Are they working?

They are not work.

He(She,It) isworking.

Is he(she,it) working?

He(She,It) is not work.

肯定句形式:

I + am  动词ing.           如:I am reading (read) an interesting story book now.

She/He/It  + is 动词ing.    如:Tom is reading (read) an interesting story book now.

We/You/They + are动词ing. 如:They are reading (read) an interesting story book now.

否定句形式:

直接在be(am, is, are)之后加not,其余照抄。

如: I am not reading ( not read) an interesting story book now.

   Tom isn’t reading ( not read) an interesting story book now.

   They aren’t reading ( not read) an interesting story book now.

一般疑问句:

直接将be(am, is, are)提到主语之前,其余照抄。

如:Is Tom reading (read) an interesting story book now?

    Are they reading (read) an interesting story book now?

特殊疑问句:首先分析划线部分的意思,确定用哪个疑问词(what, where, who, when, which, whose, how, how many, how much, what shape, what colour, what … doing, where … going, what … do),然后再将原句变为一般疑问句形式(即将be动词提到主语之前,其余的不变)。

如:What time is Tom reading(read) an interesting story book?

Where are they taking(take) pictures?

【动词ing的构成规律】

情况

构成方法

例词

一般情况。

加 -ing

wash-washing;  catch-catching;

以不发音字母e结尾的动词

先去e,再加-ing

make-making;   ride-riding;

以重读闭音节结尾的动词

双写尾字母,再加-ing

sit-sitting         swim-swimming

现在进行时的时间标志短语汇总:

现在(正在)进行时常与一些固定的时间短语搭配使用:

①     now“现在”

如: Jim is playing soccer now.

②     right now= at the moment“此刻”

如:The monkeys are climbing up the trees at the momnet.

③     Look! Listen! “看啊!听啊!”

如:Look! Mr. Lee is working on the computer.

    Listen! The birds are singing in the tree.

④     Where is…?问题的回答,暗指说话的时候。

如:—Where is your mom, Tom?

    —Oh, she is cooking in the kitchen.

⑤     前面早就阐明是现在的短文中。

【练 习】

一、用所给词的适当形式填空。

  1. My parents _______(watch)TV now.

  2. Look. Three boys _______(run).

  3. What _______ your mother _______(do)now?

  4. _______ your dog _______ now?(sleep)

  5. _______ you _______(listen)to music? Yes, I am.

  6. Look, Miss Chen _______ football.(play)

  7. Tom and his sister _______(wait)for you over there.

  8. Now Class 3 and Class 4_______(have)a test.

  9. Listen, someone _______(sing)in the classroom.

  10. ——Where is Zhang Yan?

——She _______(talk)with her teacher in the teacher’s office.

11.The boy _______  _________ ( draw)a picture now.

12. Listen .Some girls ______  ________ ( sing)in the classroom .

13. My mother ______  _________ ( cut )some bread  now.

14. What _____ you ______ ( do ) now?

15. Look . They ______  _______( have) an English lesson .

16.They ______  _____(not ,play) basketball now.

17.Look! the girls ______  _________(dance )in the classroom .

18.What is our grandmother doing? She ____  ____(watch) TV.

  19. It’s  5  o’clock now.  We _____  _______(have)supper now

20. The cats                (run) in the garden now.

二、句型转换。

1. Look! Lily is dancing.(改为一般疑问句)

    ________________________________________________

  2. Kate is looking for her watch.(改为否定句)

    ________________________________________________

  3. Mrs White is watching TV.(对划线部分提问)

    ________________________________________________

  4. I am doing homework.(改为否定句)

    ________________________________________________

  5. They are waiting for you at the library.(就划线部分提问) 

__________________________________________________

三、根据中文提示完成句子:

  1. 小花不是在写作业,她在画画。

    Xiao Hua ______ ______ homework. She ______ ______ pictures.

  2. 今天李老师穿着一件红色的连衣裙。     Miss Li ______ ______ a red dress today.

  3. 你爷爷在看报纸吗?   ______ your grandpa ______ the newspaper?

  4. Tom和Jim在做什么?    ______ ______ Tom and Jim ______?

  5. 他们是在打篮球还是在打排球?     ______ they ______ basketball ______ volleyball?

 

第七 祈使句

 

祈使句:

意义:发出命令或邀请的语气的句子。

如:Spell it ,please.请拼写它。Let’s read English.让我们读英语吧。Stand up,please.请起立。

练习。

1.       Jim, _____ (give)me a hand. 

2.       Come in,please.(变为否定句) __________________________

3.       Don't _____(be) late for school.

4.       Don’t _______(fight).

5.       No__________(talk).

    

 

第八  特殊短语的正确用法

1、let sb do sth  Let’s play soccer.

2、like to do 表示具体的,一次性的爱好,偶尔喜欢做。I like to swim.

   like doing sth 表示一贯的爱好,是习惯性的动作。I like swimming.

3、want to do sth=would like to do sth   I want to be a doctor.

4、Help sb (to) do sth  \  help sb with sth/doing sth   

He helps me (to) learn English.    He helps me with English\learning English.

5、have fun =enjoy=have a good time+doing sth They had fun playing soccer yesterday.

6、arrive in+ 大地点   He arrived in Beijing at 7:00.

arrive at+ 小地方   Did he arrive at the airport?

7、the way to + 地点   Can you tell me the way to the library?

8、a few+可数名词复数  I have a few friends.

a little\a bit of\bits of +不可数名词  There is a little water in the bowl.

a little\a little bit\kind of+形容词\副词 Tom runs a little fast.

9、talk with\to sb  The teacher is talking to \with us about Chinese history now.

   talk about sth

10、see\hear\find\watch sb do sth (全过程)

see\hear\find\watch\look at\listen to sb doing sth(正在做)

I saw him come in.

I looked at them playing beach volleyball.

11、not …any more(不再)  He doesn’t wear glasses any more.

not…at all(一点也不)He doesn’t like geography at all.

12、practice doing sth  I practice playing the violin every day.

13、do some reading\shopping\washing\cleaning

14、study for the geography test

15、It’s time to do sth.

It’s time for sth.  It’s time to go to bed.  It’s time for bed.

16、make sb do sth  The movie made me feel sad.

    Make sb adj.   The movie made me sad.

17、decide to do sth  He decided to visit his grandpa.

18、mind doing   I don’t mind opening the windows.

19、how about\what about doing sth.  How about swimming?

20、thanks for doing sth.   Thanks for giving a magazine.

21、stop\remember\forget to do sth

    stop\remember\foret doing sth

Please stop talking to listen to me carefully.

22、have to do   He has to do his homework every day.



 

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