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英语领地 英语领地 英语领地

三人行,必有我师。三人行,必有我师。三人行,必有我师。三人行,必有我师。

 
 
 

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14年教龄,中学一级教师,区级骨干教师,具有独特的教学方法,有数年初三毕业班教学经 验,对教材理解透彻,重难点把握到位,能针对每一位学生的学习状况,精心制定适合他们的学习方法, 能帮助学生建立良好的学习习惯、打下坚实的英语基础、增加学习兴趣并且树立学习自信心,最终取得优异的成绩。

中考英语历年热点考点  

2013-03-12 22:57:08|  分类: 中考复习 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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中考考点 非谓语动词

一、动词不定式

1.动词不定式作宾语。

1)在动词want ,hope,would like,decide,wish,

choose,try ,need等后常用动词不定式作宾语。

I hope ______(hear)from you soon .

2)think/find /feel /make it + adj + to do sth

He found it difficult _______(get) to sleep.

3).stop to do sth / stop doing sth

 stop to do sth 停下来去做某事    stop doing sth 停止正在做的事。

After working for a long time , He has to stop _______(have ) a rest .

He was very tired , so he had to stop ______(work).

2.动词不定式作宾语补。

1).带to的不定式作宾补的动词有:ask / like /would like /teach /tell /want /help +sb +to do sth

Please ask him _________(come) quickly.

2).省掉to的不定式作宾补的动词有:let /make / hear /see /notice /have/watch+sb +do sth

注:省掉to的不定式的句子变被动语态时,需要还原to .

He made the baby _______(stop) crying .

The baby was made ______ _____ crying.

3.动词不定式作主语

1).动词不定式常可用作句子的主语时,谓语动词用单数形式。

2).常用it作形式主语,而将不定式放在句子后面。

To do sth +谓语动词+adj /n =

It +谓语动词+adj / n + to do sth

To get an injection is a little painful .

_____ a little painful ____ ____ an injection

4.动词不定式作定语

动词不定式作定语放在被修饰词之后

名词或代词+to do(介词)

注:若构成的不定式的动词为不及物动词时,其后加上相应的介词。

I want a pen to write ______.

I want a piece of paper to write ______.

5.动词不定式与疑问词连用

疑问词+ to do sth

注:在宾语从句中,若主从句的主语一致时,宾语从句可简化为“疑问词+to do sth”.

Can you tell me how I can get to the hospital ?

Can you tell me _____ ____ ____ the hospital.

6.动词不定式可作状语

1).动词不定式可作目的状语

 在come / go / leave 后面接动词不定式作目的状语。

He came here ______(get)his book.

2).动词不定式可作原因状语

表语形容词(sorry/sad/happy/ glad /afraid/ pleased)后与动词不定式连用作原因状语

He was glad _______(see) his wife.

3).动词不定式可作结果状语

在too…to …, not …enough to …句型中的动词不定式作结果状语。

He was too tired _______(walk) on .

7.动词不定式作表语

 be + to do sth

注:动词不定式作表语可以和主语的位置互换,且常表将来。

Her wish is _______(become) a doctor .

_____ _____ is her wish .

8.动词不定式的否定形式

 在动词不定式的前面加not .

He told me _______(not stay) here .

9.动词不定式符号的省略和保留情况。

1).动词不定式符号的省略情况

若两个或两个以上的不定式并列时,第一个不定式符号不能省略,其余的省掉to .但两者有对比关系时,to都不能省略。

Edison’s mother taught him to write and read .

I haven’t decided to go home or to go to the cinema.

2)省掉不定式而保留动词不定式符号to的情况。

Will you take a walk with me ? I’m glad to .

Would you like to join my birthday party ?

I would love to .

二、动名词

1.动名词相当于一个名词,作主语时,谓语动词用单数。

Reading in bed ______(be) bad for your eyes.

2.有些动词或动词短语后面,只能接动名词作宾语。

三、现在分词

1.现在分词常放在see, hear ,watch ,notice 等之后作宾补。

I saw the boy____(play)in the street just now .

2.现在分词作定语常放在被修饰词之前,现在分词短语要放在被修饰词的后面,相当于一个定语从句。

A sleeping baby = a baby who is sleeping .

Did you know the man talking to Mr Li?=

Did you know the man who was talking to Mr Li?

3.现在分词表伴随情况

He came into the classroom ,carrying a book.

四、过去分词

1.作宾补

 have /get +sth +done 表示请别人干某事

I had my TV repaired last night .

2.作定语

单一的过去分词作定语,要放在被修饰词的前面,过去分词短语作定语要放在被修饰词的后面,相当于一个定语从句。

Have you ever read any books written by Luxun?

Have you ever read any books _____ _____ written by Luxun?

3.作表语   过去分词作表语已经形容词化

My cup is broken .

七年级至九年级的非谓语动词

一.接动词不定式 ( to do/ do sth )

1.like to do sth    2.like sb to do sth   3.Let’s (not ) do sth    4.want to do sth

5.want sb to do sth   6.love to do sth   7.ask sb (not ) to do sth    8.stop to do sth

9.tell sb (not ) to do sth   10.watch sb do sth   11.It’s time (for sb) to do sth 12.help sb (to ) do sth   13.help do sth   14.make sb do sth   15.decide (not ) to do sth  16.find it +adj + to do sth  17.have to do sth   18.try (not ) to do sth   19.try one’s best to do sth

20.It’s +adj +(for)of +sb + to do sth   21.plan to do sth   22.S.p.+be a good place to do sth

23.It takes sb +some time + to do sth   24.send sb to do sth  25.invite sb to do sth

26.forget to do sth   27.live to be +时间  28.be able to do sth   29.have sth to do

30.seem to do sth  31.get sb /sth to do sth  32.疑问词+ to do sth   33.need sth to do sth

34.use sth to do sth  35.follow sb to sth  36.need to do sth   37.a good time to do sth

38.the best time to do sth   39.the best way to do sth   40.be the first / last one to do sth

41.would like to do sth   42.be excited /surprised to do sth   43.be useful to do sth

44.be allowed to do sth   45.allow sb to do sth   46.It’s better to do sth  47.It’s best to do sth

48.take care (not) to do sth   49.see sb do sth  50.why not do sth ?51.have enough time to do sth

52.too… to do sth   53.not… enough to do sth   54.encourage sb to do sth   55.choose to sth

56.wait to do sth   57.be happy/glad/pleased to do sth   58.make it +adj + to do sth

59.be careful to do sth   60.be afraid to do sth   61.It’s our duty to do sth   62.used to do sth

63.can’t afford to do sth   64.make a decision to do sth   65.have an opportunity to do sth

66.wait for sb to do sth   67.would do sth rather than do sth  68.would rather do sth than do sth

69.hurry to do sth  70.refuse to do sth  71.agree to do sth  72.pretend to do sth

73.pretend to be doing sth  74.prefer to do sth  75.prefer not to do sth  76.prefer to do sth raher than do sth  77.be willing to do sth  78.volunteer +时间/ 钱 + to do sth  79.volunteer to do sth

80.offer to do sth  81.rush to do sth  82.in order (not ) to do sth  83.be certain to do sth

84.be sure to do sth  85.make plans to do sth  86.go out of their way to do sth  87.lead sb to do sth  88.It’s one’s job to do sth  89.It’s one’s turn to do sth   90.urge sb to do sth

91.Could /Would you please (not) do sth ?   92.be supposed to do sth   93.warn sb to do sth

二、接动名词  (doing sth )

1.like doing sth   2.enjoy doing sth  3.have fun doing sth   4.be interested in doing sth

5.Thanks for doing sth  6.look at sb doing sth  7.stop sb doing sth  8.stop sb from doing sth

9.go + v-ing  10.do the (some )+v-ing  11.What/How doing sth ? 12.practice doing sth

13.watch sb doing sth  14.find sb doing sth  15.mind (one’s ) doing sth 16.can’t stand doing sth

17.think about doing sth  18.spend … (in)doing sth  19.finish doing sth  20.be busy doing sth

21.keep doing sth  22.keep sb from doing sth  23.keep sb doing sth  24.be good at doing sth

25.hate doing sth  26.There be +名词+doing sth  27.make a living by doing sth

28.have a difficult time doing sth  29.feel like doing sth   30.allow doing sth 31.see sb doing sth

32.by doing sth  33.end up doing sth  34.do a survey about doing sth  35.be afraid of doing sth

36.be used to doing sth   37.be terrified of doing sth   38.give up doing sth

39.instead of doing sth   40.have nothing against doing sth   41.be serious about doing sth

42.have a chance of doing sth   43.before/ when /while +doing sth   44.start doing sth

45.have a lot of experience doing sth   46.prefer doing sth   47.consider doing sth

48.dream of / about doing sth  49.continue doing sth  50.put off doing sth

51.be used for doing sth =be used to do sth 52.prefer doing sth to doing sth  53.without doing sth

54.be comfortable doing sth  55.can’t stop/help doing sth  56.look forward to doing sth

57.be against doing sth  58.have trouble/problems/difficulty (in) doing sth  59.suggest doing sth

60.be busy doing sth    61.be worth doing sth 

                                                                                                                 

中考考点  主谓一致

一.就近原则

1. 由并列结构或连词(either…or, neither…nor,not…but, not only…but also, or等)连接的并列主语,谓语动词与较近的那个名词或代词保持一致。

Neither his parents nor Tom_____(be) at home. 

2. 在倒装句和there be句型中,谓语动词与后面的第一个主语保持一致。

There _____(be) a book and some pens on the desk.

There ______(come) the bus.

3. 在定语从句中,关系代词作主语,其谓语动词应与它所指代的先行词保持一致。

I know the man who_____(be) talking to my father.

4. 在强调句中,连接代词又在句中作主语,这时它应与被强调的主语保持一致。

 It is Mary’s brother who_____(be) injured in the car accident yesterday.  

二.意义一致原则

1. 当主语与谓语动词之间插入along with,with,as well as,together with, besides,except, but, including等短语时 ,谓语动词与第一个主语保持一致。

I along with my sister_____(be) going to Shanghai next month.

2. 由“what”引导的名词性从句作主语时,谓语动词通常用单数形式。

 What I want to say _____(be) just “ Take care!”.

3. “…+ (of) +名词”作主语时,若“of”后的名词为单数(不可数名词),则谓语动词用单数,如果名词为复数,则谓语动词用复数。

Most of the water here ______(be) clean.

80% cotton ______have) been sent to America.80%

Half of the apples ______(be) red.

6. 词组“a number of”作主语时,谓语动词应用复数;“the number of”作主语时,谓语动词用单数。

A number of ancient buildings _____ (be) destroyed in the war.

The number of the visitors _____ (have) decreased this year.

7. 英语的集体名词(family, public, group, team, class等词),指代“整体”时为单数;指代“其中的各成员”则为复数。

My family ____(be) very poor when I was a little girl  

My family ______(be) all looking forward for your coming.

三.整体原则

1. 从句、不定式、动名词等作主语时谓语动词用单数。

When to leave _____(be) not been decided.

Watching TV too much _____(be) bad for your eyes.  

注:如果主语是两个(或两个以上)的名词性从句,谓语动词常用复数。

What he said and what he did _____(be) always different last night .

2. 如果两个以上的名词组成一个整体概念作主语时,谓语动词须用单数。

The novelist and poet _____(be) going to Europe next year.

3. 表示时间、距离、金额、度量等词语作主语时,通常被视作整体,谓语动词用单数。

10 minutes is enough.

4.加减乘除等数学运算谓语动词通常用单数。

2 and 3 ______5.

5.“the +姓氏名词的复数”表示“一家人、….夫妇”,作主语时,谓语动词用复数形式。

The Blacks ______(enjoy) working in China.

中考考点  倒装句

1. 当句首为副词here ,there 且主语为名词时,应用完全倒装。

Here comes the bus !.

There goes the bell. !

2. only 修饰时间、地点、方式等状语时,应用部分倒装。     

Only in this way can we solve the problem.

Only when you told me did I know her name.

注意:如果 only 修饰的不是状语,则句子不倒装。

Only Uncle Li knows how it happened.

3. 表示对前者的陈述也适用后者时,肯定倒装用“ so + 助动词/情态动词 + 后者”,前句事否定,而后面的人也不怎么样时用“ neither / nor + 助动词 / 情态动词 + sb”。

He can speak English,so can I.

If she doesn’t go there tomorrow,neither / nor will I.

注意

1)“ so + 助动词 / 情态动词 + 主语” 表示前者的主语和后者的主语的情况一样,所谈到的是两个人,意为“……也是这样”;

2)“ so + 主语 + 助动词 / 情态动词”表示前者和后者所指同一人时,说话者表示同意前者的观点,意为“的确如此”。

— Li Lei likes sports.

— So he does and so do I.

4. 由 not only …… but also …… 引起的并列句,若将 not only 置于句首时,该分句应部分倒装, but also 引导的分句不倒装。

Not only did he give me some advice,but also he lent me some money.

5.“ no matter +疑问词+从句” 或 “疑问词+ever+从句” 

 注:从句应用陈述句语序,时态用一般现在时。

However hard the problem is,I must  work it out.

中考考点  感叹句

一、结构:

What/ How +被感叹的部分+ 主语+ 谓语!

What beautiful flowers they are !

二、变法:

一断, 二加 ,三调位。

一断表示在谓语动词的后面断开,二加表示在断开的两部分中间加what 或how ,三调位表示前后两部分对调位置。

They had a good time yesterday .

一断:They had  /  a good time yesterday .

二加:They had(what)a good time yesterday .

三调位:What a good time they had yesterday.

三、what引导的感叹句:

1.what + a / an +adj + 单数名词 (+主语+ 谓语)!

_______ a clever boy he is !

2.what + adj + 复数名词 (+主语+ 谓语)!

_______ heavy boxes they are !

3.what + adj + 不可数名词(+主语+ 谓语)!

_______ bad weather !

四、how引导的感叹句:

1.How + adj / adv + 主语+ 谓语!

_________ hard they are working !

2.How + adj + a / an + 单数名词(+主语+ 谓语)!

How tall a boy he is !

3.How + adj / adv + the + 名词+ 谓语!

________ heavily the rain is falling!

五、what 与how引导的感叹句之间的转换:

1.What a beautiful girl she is !=

 ______ beautiful the girl is !

2.How delicious the food is !=

 ______ delicious food it is !

六、几个常见的感叹句:

1.______ great fun it is !

2.______ important information !

3.______ good news !

4.______ good advice / music !

5.______ a heavy rain !

6.______a strong wind !

七、感叹句中常见的不可数名词:

food , work , weather , fun , music , information , news , advice ,

中考考点:反意疑问句

一、结构:

陈述句 + 附加疑问句?

It’s hot today ,isn’t it ?

二、原则:

1.前肯后否,前否后肯

2.前名后代

3.时态一致

三、变法:

一疑、二否、三连、四省、五转换(名变代)。

四、特殊的附加疑问句:

1.I’m …… , aren’t I ?

I’m right , ______ ______ ?

2.Let’s 的反意疑问句为 shall we ?

Let’s go to the movie together ,_____ _____ ?

3.祈使句的反意疑问句为 will you ?

Don’t miss it ,_____ _____ ?

4.若陈述句部分含有never , few , little , hardly ,no ,seldom ,nobody ,nothing …否定词、半否定词时,附加疑问句用肯定形式。

He can hardly understand it , _____ ______ ?

5.陈述句的主语是this , that , these , those 时,附加疑问句的主语分别为 it , they .

This is a new computer , ______ ______ ?

Those aren’t banana tees , ______ _______ ?

6.当陈述句是主从复合句时, 其附加疑问句应与主句保持一致。若主句为I think / believe /suppose /imagine /expect 时,其附加疑问句应与从句保持一致。

He said that he would leave here tomorrow , _______ _______ ?

I don’t think you can do these exercises alone , _______ _______ ?

五、反义疑问句的回答:

  反义疑问句的回答要根据事实作答,若事实是肯定的,就用yes , +肯定形式。若事实是否定的,就用No, +否定形式。

注意:在前否后肯的句子中,yes表示“不”而No表示“是的”。

She didn’t come to school yesterday, did she ?

_________, though she was not feeling well.

A.No, she didn’t    B.No , she did   C.Yes , she didn’t   D.Yes , she did

 

 

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