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英语领地 英语领地 英语领地

三人行,必有我师。三人行,必有我师。三人行,必有我师。三人行,必有我师。

 
 
 

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14年教龄,中学一级教师,区级骨干教师,具有独特的教学方法,有数年初三毕业班教学经 验,对教材理解透彻,重难点把握到位,能针对每一位学生的学习状况,精心制定适合他们的学习方法, 能帮助学生建立良好的学习习惯、打下坚实的英语基础、增加学习兴趣并且树立学习自信心,最终取得优异的成绩。

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Unit 3 Could you please clean your room? 重点短语重点句型单元知识点及检测  

2015-02-11 11:01:59|  分类: 8下unit3 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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Unit 3  Could you please clean your room? 重点短语重点句型单元知识点及检测


一、重点短语


1.         go out for dinner

2.         stay out late

3.         go to the movies

4.         get a ride

5.         work on sth.

6.         finish doing sth.

7.         clean and tidy

8.         do the dishes

9.         take out the rubbish

10.     fold your/the clothes

11.     sweep the floor

12.     make your/the bed

13.     clean the living room

14.     No problem

15.     welcome sb.

16.     come home from school/ work

17.     throw down

18.     throw away

19.     come over (to+地点)

20.     take sb. for a walk

21.     all the time

22.     all day/evening

23.     do housework

24.     shout back 大声回应

25.     walk away

26.     share the housework

27.     a comfortable home

28.     (do sth.) in surprise 惊讶地()

29.     get something to drink

30.     watch one show

31.     hang out

32.     pass sb. sth.

33.     lend sb. sth.

34.     get sth. wet

35.     hate + (to do/ doing) sth.

36.     do chores

37.     help sb.(to)do /with sth

38.     bring a tent

39.     buy some snacks

40.     go to the store

41.     invite sb. to a party

42.     make sb. do sth.

43.     enough stress

44.     waste of time

45.     in order to为了

46.     get good grades

47.     mind doing sth.

48.     depend on

49.     develop children 's independence

50.     look after/take care of

51.     do one’ s part in (doing ) sth.做某人分内的事


、重点句型

1. Could you please clean your room?   ( Could you please + do sth.?)

2. I have to do some work.

3. Could I use your computer?   (Could +主语+ do sth. ?表情求)

4. She won’ t be happy if she sees this mess.

5. For one week, she did not do any housework and neither did I. (Neither +be动词/助动词/情态动词+主语.)

6. My mom came over as soon as I sat down in front of the TV.

7. It’s the parents’ job to provide a clean and comfortable environment at home for their children.(it为形式主语,to do不定式是真正的主语,并且后置)

8. I think it’s important for children to learn how to do chores and help their parents with housework.

9. The earlier kids learn to be independent, the better it is for their future. (the+比较级the+比较级句型)

三、单元知识点

1. Could you please +动词原形?  你能……吗?

Could在句子开头,不表示过去时态而表示请求以表示礼貌、委婉或不确定的语气,而can则不具备这些语气,这种情况下不能把could看作can的过去式。肯定回答可以用Sure./ Of course./ Certainly./ Go ahead, please.That’s OK/all right.,也可以用“主语+can不能用“主语+could。否定回答用“Sorry, +理由”,“主语+can’t/ mustn’t.”,不用“主语+couldn’t

表请求的结构还有:Would you please+V原?   Would you mind+V-ing

2.take out带出去;取出,拿出 take the rubbish out             take out 100yuan        take your tickets out

3. make the/ one’s bed整理床铺,make the table收拾桌子,摆放碗筷

4. Could I at least finish watching this show finish完成,做好;finish doing sth.

5. (at) any minute (now)很快,马上Mother will be back any minute now.

Hurry up! The train is leaving at any minute.

6. mess 【名词】不整洁,杂乱(不堪)  be in a mess乱七八糟,杂乱不堪

7. sweep【动词】打扫,扫;过去式为sweptsweep the floor

8. throw【动词】扔,投,掷;过去式为threwthrow down 扔下某物      throw sth. (away)扔掉某物

throw to sb.把某物扔给某人;throw at sb./sth.扔某人东西,带感情色彩

9. The minute I sat in front of the TV, my mother came over.           The minute (that)引导时间状语从句,意为“一/刚……就……”,相当于as soon asI promise to reply to your letter the minute I get home.

10. reply回答,回复【不及物动词】reply to sb./sth.        ,reply to your letter           reply in writing

11. as……as像……一样,否定形式为not so/as……as

A(be) as+形容词+as B.               A 实意动词as+副词as B.

12. neither did I.是“Neither +be动词/助动词/情态动词+主语.”结构,表示前者的否定情况也适用于后者。

 I don’t agree with their plan. Neither do I.      They can’t swim across the river. Neither can we.

 Neither还表示“两者的否定”,即可以看成是both“两者都”的完全否定。

Both of my parents are mountain climbers. 意为                 ;“我父母都不是登山者”是下面那个句子?

Neither of my parents is a mountain climber.     Both of my parents are not mountain climbers.

13. pass sb. sth.= pass sth. to sb.把某物递给/传给某人,请把盐递给我。               =             

14. borrow借,借进,借他人的物品来用,常用于borrow sth. from sb.              /borrow sb’s sth          

lend借给,借出,把自己的物品借出去,常用于lend sth. to sb.                /lend sb. sth,             

15. while 当……时候;在……期间,引导时间状语从句,表“一段时间”,从句的谓语动词用延续性动词,且常用进行时态,如 The telephone rang while father was reading a newspaper.     

Could you please look after the kid while I do shopping?

When引导时间状语从句是,可以表示“一段时间”和“某一时刻”,所以从句的谓语动词延续性动词和短暂性动词皆可。When I arrive in Beijing, it’s raining heavily.

16. hate vt. “不喜欢,讨厌、恨,没有进行时。hate后可接to do也可接doing,意义无大差别,只是to do更多表示具体的一次性的动作,而doing更多表示习惯性,经常的一般的动作;同like后接to dodoing的用法。

17.【复习】invite sb. to do sth.                invitation  【名词】

invite sb. to sth. / invite sb. for sth.       He invited us for the concert.   I want to invite my friends to a party.

18. drink【名词】做饮料时为不可数名词,表示不同种类的饮料时为可数名词,如soft drinks软饮料

19. waste【名词】浪费;滥用a waste of time【动词】浪费waste time/waste money

20. in order to+V原形,意为“为了/目的是……”,In order to improve his English, he practices speaking everyday.

in order that+从句,意思也是“为了/目的是……”

21. provide【动词】提供;供应,常用结构provide sth. (for sb.)=provide sb. with sth.

The hotel provides free breakfast (for travelers). =                                 

22.【复习】It is +adj. (for sb.) to do sth.意为                                    

23. do one’s part in doing sth.尽某人的职责做某事 Every person on the earth should do his part in saving water.

24. depend on sb./ sth.依靠,信赖,决定于;His high grade depends on his hard training.

When we grow up, we must depend on ourselves.

25. develop【动词】发展,壮大,培养;develop children’s independence                

develop science and technology                     develop healthy eating habit                  

development【名词】发展,【形容词】developed发达的developed country    developing发展中

26. result【名、动】结果,as a result也意为“结果”

27. the+比较级the+比较级意为“越……,就越……” The harder you study the better grade you can get.

四、重点语法_区别动词domake

  “do”与动作及非实质性的事连用,与词尾是-ing的动作名词连用,如:do the dishes/do my homework/do chores(做家务/处理琐事)/do the laundry(洗衣)/do the shopping/do some reading“make”表示做、制造整理冲、泡(饮料)等,如:make your bed(铺床)/make breakfast/make dinner)/make tea(泡茶/沏茶)/make myself a cup of coffee

【模拟试题】

、英汉互译。

  1. play with ___________                      2. have a test ___________

  3. do chores ___________                      4. take out ___________

  5. make the bed ___________                 6. sweep the floor ___________

  7. ……___________                      8. 喂狗___________

  9. 生气___________                             10. 照顾___________

  11. 邀请某人到……___________          12. 忙于/从事___________

  13. 洗餐具___________                        14. 做饭___________

二、根据要求答题。

  1. Could you help me clean the living room? (作肯定回答)  _____________, ____________________.

  2. Thanks for taking care of my dog. (变同义句)    _________________ for ________________ my dog.

  3. Remember to clean the bed. (改为同义句)       ________ ________ to clean the door.

  4. Can you lend your pen to me? (改为同义句)         Can ________ ________ your pen?

 5. I like to wash the plates because it’s relaxing. (就划线部分提问)

    ________ ________ you ________ to wash the plates?

三、用could, can, may, must, needn’t填空。

  1. A: ________ you answer the question in English?       B: Sorry, I ________. ________ I answer it in English?

    A: No, you ________. You ________ answer it in Chinese.

  2. A: ________ I ask a question?          B: Yes, you ________. But you ________ wait, a minute.

  3. A: ________ I use your eraser, Bill?     B: Sorry. I don’t have one. Ask Mary. She _________ have one.

  4. A: ________ you help me do the shopping.  B: OK, Sure.

  5. A: ________ you sweep the floor?         B: But I ________ finish my homework first.

四、单项填空。

1. —What a dirty room! You shouldn’t throw your waste things everywhere.

    —Oh, I am sorry, I am going to ________ and put them in the waste box.

    A. fold my clothes    B. take out the trash       C. watch TV

2. —Could you please go to the movies with me tonight?  —Sorry, my mother is ill in bed, and I have to ______ her.

    A. take care of       B. take a walk with        C. take over

3. Don’t _________ the dog. it’s dangerous, it’ll bite you.    A. play with     B. play         C. play for

4. —Jim, come out. Let’s go to play football.    —Sorry. I’m _______ a maths problem.

    A. working out                    B. working on               C. working for

5. —Mum, Could I go shopping with you?    —Yes, ________ But you have to finish your homework first.

    A. you can                    B. you could                 C. you can’t

6. My mother often ________ my little sister _________ of the house and plays with her in the garden.

    A. take…out                 B. takes…out                C. takes … to

7. I _________ doing the dishes because it’s boring.       A. hates               B. hate                  C. like

8. I _________ some money from him, but I’ll _______ it to him in a few days.

    A. borrow, return      B. lend, borrow        C. borrow, keep

9. ________ the young trees is our duty.

    A. Taking good care of      B. Take good care of        C. Takes good care of


 


 

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