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14年教龄,中学一级教师,区级骨干教师,具有独特的教学方法,有数年初三毕业班教学经 验,对教材理解透彻,重难点把握到位,能针对每一位学生的学习状况,精心制定适合他们的学习方法, 能帮助学生建立良好的学习习惯、打下坚实的英语基础、增加学习兴趣并且树立学习自信心,最终取得优异的成绩。

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八年级下册Unit 5 What were you doing when the rainstorm came?全单元要点精讲精练—Section B  

2015-02-11 11:27:52|  分类: 8下unit5 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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八年级下册Unit 5 What were you doing when the rainstorm came?全单元要点精讲精练—Section B

 

Section B.

1.      What event happened at the school yesterday? 昨天学校发生了什么事?

【解析】 happen 发生;碰巧(指偶然性发生)

(1) happen v “发生没有被动语态 ,主语是物,强调某事发生的偶然性

a. sth. happen to sb. 某事发生在某人身上

What happened to you?=What was wrong with him?

b. sb. happen to do sth. 某人碰巧做某事

   She happened ________(be) out when we called.

(2)take place 发生,指事情有计划有安排地发生

The sports meeting took place in our school last week.

(3) It happened that…碰巧

(     ) ① An accident ____ at the school gate this morning.

          A. happened   B .happened to   C. took place    D. took places

(     ) ②What happened _____ the boy?

          A. with       B. to           C. at           D. on

(     ) ③A serious bike accident ____ her , and she was badly hurt.

         A. happened to   B. was happened to   C. was happing   D. was happen

(     ) ④The accident took place on a cold night.

         A. took the place   B. happened   C. told   D. hold

(     ) I happened _____him last night.

         A. to meet   B. meet   C. meeting  D. meets

(     ) Great changes _________ in Tongren in the past five years.

        A. have happened             B. have taken place         

        C. have been happened         D. have been taken place

(     ) The Olympic Games of 2016 will _____  in Brazil.

        A. take after             B. take off           C. take place          D. take away

(     ) —It’s hot today, isn’t it?         

       —Yes, it is. Why not __________ your jacket?

          A. take care     B. take place      C. take after       D. take off

2. Kate realized her bag was still at home. 凯特意识到她的包还在家。

【解析】realize  v 意识到

⑴ realize + n       she didn’t realize her mistake.

⑵ realize +从句     I didn’t realize that you were so unhappy.

3. Robert Allen is now over 50, but he was a school pupil at that time.罗柏特. 艾伦现在已经50多岁了,但那时候他还只是一名小学生。

【解析】 over= more than  超过

(     ) —Can I join Oxfam Trailwalker?

       —Only if you are _____ eighteen.

          A. over      B. on          C. under           D. below

(     )  Mrs. King put a coat_____ the sleeping girl to keep her warm.

           A. over        B. with        C. behind      D. beside

4. When the school basketball competition started, Kate was still making her way to school. 当学校篮球比赛开始的时候,凯特还在去学校的路上。

【解析】 make one’s way to … 在某人去……的路上

(当后接地点副词时,应省略介词to

(     ) I’ll make my way ___ home now.

       A. to    B. /     C. at     D. on

5. Our teacher said, “ Dr. King died just 10 minutes ago.” 我们的老师说:金先生10分钟前去世了

【解析】一段时间+ ago 之前,用于一般过去时

(     ) —Who is the little girl in the picture?

—It’s me. The picture ________ 10 years ago.

             A. took                B. is taken    C. has taken      D. was taken

(     ) I know a little about Thailand, as I _____ there three years ago.

        A. have been     B. have gone    C. will go      D. went

6. We were completely surprised! 我们完全震惊了!

【解析】complete v 完成 adj. 完整的 →completely 彻底地;完全地

2013新疆】Physical exercise makes you tired but              relaxed.

① I ____________( complete) believe in you now. I think you are honest in the matter.

 ② They ____________(complete) building the bridge late next year.

7. My parents did not talk after that, and we finished the rest of our dinner in silence. 之后我的父母没再讲话,我们在沉默中吃完了晚饭。

【解析】 the rest of … “其余的,剩下的” ,

 做主语时,其谓语动词的数要与the rest of 修饰的名词一致。

The rest of meat goes bad.

The rest of workers are still working hard.

8.      School closed for the day, and Robert and his friends walked home in silence. 学校停课一天,罗柏特和他的朋友们沉默地走回了家。

【解析】silence  n 沉默 → silent 沉默;缄默;无声

        in silence 沉默地、无声地 = silently 

        keep silent 保持沉默

(    ) When he heard the bad news, Robert walked home together with his friends ____________. (沉默地)

(     ) We should keep ____ in the library.

        A. silence    B. silently    C. silences

(     ) They stood ____ as a mark of honor to her.

        A. in silent   B. in silence   C. silence

9. More recently , most Americans remember what they were doing when the World Trade Center in New York was taken down by terrorists. 最近,大部分美国人还记得当纽约世贸大楼被恐怖分子袭击的时候自己在做什么。

【解析1remember to do sthremember doing sth的用法区别。

⑴ remember to do sth记得去做某事(此事还未做)

   Remember to turn off the light when you leave the room. 当你离开房间的时候记得关灯。

⑵ remember doing sth记得做过某事(此事已做完)

  I remember turning off the light when I left the room.我记得离开房间时关灯了。

【解析2take down 拆掉;拆毁

【解析3terror  n. 恐怖 → terrorist 恐怖分子

be full of terror充满恐怖

 【拓展】 art  n. 艺术→ artist  n.艺术家    science n. 科学→ scientist 科学家

piano n. 钢琴 →pianist n. 钢琴家

(     ) — Did you watch the TV news? The whole event was full of ____.

       — Yes, I did . Those ____ were all caught by the police at last.

          A. terror; terrorist      B. terrorist; terrors

          C. terror; terrorists     D. terrors; terrorists

10. I was so scared that I could hardly think clearly after that. 我很害怕以至于后来我几乎无法正常思考。

【解析】hardly 几乎不; 绝不

(    ) Speak aloud, please! I can _____ hear you.

       A. almost        B. hardly      C. usually

(    ) Mike hurt his back seriously and can_____ get out of bed without help.

     A. quickly     B. easily                    C. nearly       D. hardly

(    ) — Did you go to the cinema to see 3D Titanic last night?

      —No, I______ go to the cinema. The tickets are too expensive.

        A. hardly    B. nearly       C. still    D. Only

(    )  — How often do you exercise?

          — ______ ever. Because I am very busy with my work.

              A. Hardly            B. Nearly             C. Always           D. Almost

(    ) David was so excited at the good news that he could ______  say a word.

       A. nearly         B. hard                 C. ever               D. hardly

11. Robert and his friends were surprised to hear the news. 罗柏特和他的朋友们听到这则消息感到很吃惊。

【解析1be surprised to do sth 做某事很吃惊

【拓展】surprise v 使吃惊→surprising adj. 令人吃惊的

 →surprised adj. 吃惊的

 to one’s surprise 使某人吃惊的是   

 in surprise 吃惊地

be surprised at ……感到吃惊

①__________________(使我吃惊的是),he got the first prize in the exam.

②We are ____________at the _____________news.(surprise)

(     ) ③ ___his surprise, she succeeded in climbing up the high mountain.

 A. At         B. To         C. In        D. On

(    ) I was very surprised when the alien went into a souvenir shop.

        A. excited    B. amazing   C. relaxing   D. amazed

(    ) “Henry, you _____ tell the teacher if you want to go out of the classroom.” “Sorry, sir.”

       A. are supposed to       B. are surprised to     C. are afraid to

(    ) The fans were _____to know the death of their favorite singing star Whitney Huston.

       A. glad                B.   angry             C. excited                 D. surprised

【解析2hear的用法

hear意为听见,强调听的结果。

【结构】:hear sb. do sth听见某人做某事;

hear sb. doing sth听见某人正在做某事

We can often hear some children play on the playground. 我们经常能听见一些孩子在操场上玩耍。

   I heard my sister singing an English song in her room when I came back. 当我回来时,我听见我的姐姐正在她的房间里唱一支英文歌。

hear也有听说之意,这时后接that引导的宾语从句。

① hear about意为听说,相当于hear of,后面接词或短语。

I have heard about/of the story before.  我以前就听说过这个故事。

② hear from意为收到.......的来信;有.......的消息=get/receive a letter from.

  I haven’t heard from my mother for months. 我已经好几个月没有收到我妈妈的来信了。

12.  Kate didn’t think her friend was telling the truth about the event. 凯特认为对于这次事件她朋友没有说出真相。

【解析】true adj. 真的 → truly adv. 真地truth 实情;事实

to be truth n. 真相

honest = to tell (you) the truth老实说;说实话

(    ) To tell the ________ (true), I don’t like the drinks in that café.

(    ) — Is it ____ that he missed the bus?

      — No, he didn’t tell the _____. He was late because he got up late.

         A. true; truth    B. real ; truth   C. true; reality  D. real; reality

13. I had trouble thinking clearly after that because I was very afraid. 后来由于害怕我无法清晰地思考。

【解析】trouble n 困难; 苦恼; 忧虑

⑴ in trouble 处于困境中  get sb. into trouble 使某人陷入困境

⑵ What's the trouble with you?

 = What’s the matter with you?

 = Wha’t wrong with you? 你怎么啦?

 ⑶ have trouble indoing sth 做某事有麻烦

◆ have problem /difficulty/fun (in) doing sth 做某事有问题/困难/乐趣

(   ) ① I had trouble ____ my homework.

  A. to finish   B. finishing  C. finishes  D. finish

(   ) ② – Mr. Wang , I have trouble ___ the text.

        --Remember ____ it three times at least.

    A. to understand; reading     B. understanding; reading

          C. understanding; to read     D. to understand; to read

 

 

 

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