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14年教龄,中学一级教师,区级骨干教师,具有独特的教学方法,有数年初三毕业班教学经 验,对教材理解透彻,重难点把握到位,能针对每一位学生的学习状况,精心制定适合他们的学习方法, 能帮助学生建立良好的学习习惯、打下坚实的英语基础、增加学习兴趣并且树立学习自信心,最终取得优异的成绩。

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Unit Seven What’s the highest mountain in the world?课文难点解析及相关巩固训练  

2015-02-11 11:36:50|  分类: 8下unit7 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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Unit Seven What’s the highest mountain in the world?课文难点解析及相关巩固训练

1.       目标

population

【解析】population是一个集合名词population常与定冠the连用,作主语用时,谓语动词常用第三人称单数形式。例如: The world's population is increasing faster and faster.

当主语是表示"人口的百分之几、几分之几",谓语动词用单数形式。例如:
About seventy percent of the population in China
are farmers.

有时population可用作可数名词,其前可用不定冠词例如:

China has a population of about 1.3 billion. (=There is a population of about 1.3 billion in China.)
表示人口的"""",不用"much""little",而要用"______________""___________l"。例如:
India has a large population. Singapore has a small population.

询问某国、某地人口多少时,\"How large...?\";在问具体人口时用"What...?"例如:
 How large is the population of your hometown?
你们家乡有多少人口?

What’s the population of London?
【做一做】

1. What ____________(be) the population of America?

2. The population of Shaanxi is 37,610,000.(划线部分提问)

  ___________ the population of Xi’an?

3. The world’s population is growing ____, and there is ___ land and water for growing rice.

  A. larger, less    B. more, less     C. larger, fewer     D. more, fewer

4. India has _______ _______ ________(人口) more than one billion..

5. The experts think that India’s population may be          than China’s           2012.

A. much; by     B. more; in   C. larger; by   D. larger; on

6. The word’s population is growing ____ and there is _____ land and water for growing rice.

 A. more; less   B. larger; fewer    C. larger; less   D. more; fewer

7. _____ the population of China?  It’s about 1.3 billion.

   A. What’s    B. How many is     C. How much is

 

2. 目标 take in

【解析】take in 意为吸入;吞入(体内)例如: It is also very hard to take in air as you get near the top.

take in 的其他含义:接待(某人)留宿,例如:He has no place to sleep so we offered to take him in. 把(衣服)改小。例如:Could you please take the dress in for me?

充分理解:It took me a long time to take in what you said.

take相关的其他短语:

 _________________ 起飞,脱掉   __________________代替某人的职务     __________________ 参加

 _________________ 拿走         __________________拿出               ___________________ 发生

                 相像                        写下,记下                      别紧张

                  照相                       照顾,照料

 【做一做】

1.天气炎热,为什么不把大衣脱掉?  It’s very hot. Why not ______________ your coat?

2. 同学们,拿出课本。我们开始上课。  Class, ____________ your textbooks. Lets’ begin our lesson.

3. 打开窗户,吸收新鲜空气。  Open the window and _____________ the fresh air.

4. 木兰打扮成男人,代替父亲在军队中打仗。

  Mulan dressed up like a man and _______________________________ to fight in the army.

 

3.       目标 one of the world’s most dangerous sports

【解析】“one of +形容词最高级+名词复数表示 …………之一

例如: The Amazon River is one of the longest river in the world.

最高级的其他用法:“the+序数词+形容词最高级+名词(一般用单数)”表示……”,例如:

The Amazon River is the second longest river in the world.

【做一做】

1.黄河是中国第二长河。  The Yellow River is ___________________________ in China.

2. 你知道中国是世界上最古老的城市之一吗?

  Do you know that China is _______________________________________ in the world?

3. I’m very proud of that Beijing is one of ______ cities in the world.

A. big                B. bigger               C. biggest                     D. the biggest

4. Shu-How Lin is now one of the most popular basketball ____________(play) in the NBA.

 

4. 目标many times more than

【解析】many times more than 意为……多许多倍

常见的倍数表达法: “A+倍数+形容词或副词比较级+ than+ B”表示“AB大(长、宽、高等)多少倍。例如:The car runs twice faster than that truck.

  “A+倍数+as形容词或副词原级+ as+ B“表示“A正好是B的多少倍例如:Asia is four times as large as Europe.

【做一做】

1. 这个大厅是我们教室的五倍。This hall is ____________________________ bigger than our classroom

2. 这块石头的重量是那块石头的三倍。   This big stone is three times __________________________that one.

 

5. 目标  every two years

【解析】every two years 表示每两年例如:Pandas do not have many babies, maybe only one every two years.

every 与数词或fewother等连用表示时间或空间的间隔。其形式有:

"every other+单数名词意思是每隔一…”如:every other day 每隔一天 every other tree 每隔一棵树

“every+基数词+复数名词“every+序数词+单数名词” ,意思是每隔… …”(较英语数词少一个) 如:every three days=every third day 每隔两天(或者译为每三天) 因此every two days=every other day 每隔一天(或者译为每两天)

“every few+复数名词意思是每隔几……” 如:every few days(每隔几天)

【做一做】

1. He was told to take the medicine____.

A. every other hours B. every fourth hours C. every few hours  D. every a few hours

2. 他每走几米就停下来向四周看一看。

  He stopped and looked around _____________________.

3. He said that he did morning exercises _______________.

  A. every next day   B. each other day   C. every third days   D. every other day.

 

二、词汇复习:

I.根据首字母或句子意思完成单词,使句意完整:

1.       China is about 9,600,000 s_____________ kilometers in size.

2.       This well is about 300 meters d____________.

3.       The Sahara is the largest d____________ in the world.

4.       The p_____________ of China is about 1.3 billion. It’s the largest in the world.

5.       There are many t______________ in Xi’an every year.

6.       According to the a_________ Chinese story, tea was found by accident.

7.       If you work hard, you will a__________ your dream.

8.       We have to learn many subjects. They i__________ Chinese, math, English and so on.

9.       At b_________, a baby dog is about 0.5 to 1 kilo.

10.   An a_______ bear weighs many times more than a baby bear.

11.   Pandas like eating b_______________.

12.   The scientists are doing some r___________ about pandas.

13.   His father is a tiger k__________. It is a dangerous and exciting job.

14.   The terrible storm made me a____________ all night long.

15.   When we reached the top of the mountain, we jumped up and down in e__________.

16.   O________ and water will not mix.

III. 用所给词的适当形式填空:

1.       I cooked a lot of delicious food. Feel free _______________(eat) whatever you like.

2.       Rock climbing is one of _______________________(dangerous) sports.

3.       We should never give up _______________(try) to make our dream come true.

4.       Williams is always the first person _________________(get) to school.

5.       China is one of the oldest ____________________(country) in the world.

6.       He is wearing the sunglasses ___________________(protect) his eyes from the strong sunlight.

7.       China is almost as ____________(large) as the US but it is the _______________(big) country in Asia.

8.       The Qomolangma is about 8844.43 meters high and so is very dangerous _______________(climb).

9.       We should make some rules on panda ___________________(protect).

10.   He can’t go to school because of his bad __________________(ill).

11.   What is the way of ______________(save) animals?

12.   ___________(teach) children is one way to help save wild animals.

13.   In the future, there will be more robots ___________(work) at home.

14.   Some wild animals are _________________(danger). The number of them is getting smaller and smaller.

15.   They stopped to enjoy the ___________________(beautiful) of nature.

16.   It’s too late. We must find a hotel __________________(live) in as soon as possible.

17.   The Great Wall is very famous in the world . So it is ________________(tour).

18.   A good book may be one of your best __________________(friend).

19.   The Caspian Sea is 1,025 meters deep, and it is the                _( deep) of all the salt lakes..

20.   Even more serious difficulties include freezing weather              _(condition) and heavy storms.

21.   I like Chinese food better than                  _(Japan) food.

22.   The baby pandas often die from                _(ill) and do not live very long.

23.   Scientists say there are now fewer than 2,000 pandas living in the              _ (remain) forests.

24.   Toronto is _________________ city in Canada. (large)

25.   Playing computer games is______ _____ _____ of all the activities.(interesting).

26.   She is_______ than all the other students. (young)

27.   He is one of ________ ________ _______Politicians. (famous)

28.   Tom drives much ________ _______ than John. (careful)

29.   Tom’s father is                    as tall as him. (two)

30.   The oil now is even                   (expensive) than before.

31.   She was troubled because she had reached the              (weigh) of 180 pounds. 

32.   The                   of the Qomalangma is 8,844 meters.(high)

33.   The heavy rain prevented us from                  (come) in time.

34.   Have you ever seen the film           (make) by Zhang Yimou?

35.   I think it’s one of                         (enjoy) trips in my life.

36.   After a short rest, he continued               (write) his novel.

37.   Who do you think is                (care)of the two?

38.   The more heavily it rained,               (worry)we became.

39.   Our classroom is 8 meters in ____________(long), and 3meters in ________(high), 6 meters in ________(wide).

40.   The swimming pool is 3 meters in ___________(deep).

41.   If you don’t _______________(success), keep on trying.

三、语法复习:

II.单项选择

1. Now the air in our city is _______ than it used to be. Something must be done to stop it.

A. very good     B. much better    C. rather bad      D. even worse

2. Tian’anmen Square is one of ______ squares in the world.

A. large       B. larger      C. largest         D. the largest

3. Study hard! ____ you study, ____ results you’ll get.

A. Harder; better    B. The harder; better.  C. The harder; the better  D. Harder; the better.

4. What do you think of the film you saw yesterday?

   Oh! It’s one of           films I’ve ever seen.

  A. interesting       B. more interesting   C. most interesting   D. the most interesting

5. ---Which city has _____ population, Shunghai, Hong Kong or Qingdao?---Shanghai, of course.

A. the smallest    B. the least      C. the most       D. the largest

6. — It's so cold today.     — Yes, it's          colder than it was yesterday.

A. some         B. more        C. very           D. much

7. My brother is _____ more outgoing than I.

  A. little  B. a little  C. few   D. a few

8. --- Do you know ______ the Great Wall is? - I think it’s more than 5000 kilometers long.

A. how deep              B. how wide          C. how far     D. how long

9. Someone says“ Time is money. “But I think time is_________ important than Money.

  A. least     B. Much     C. much least     D. even more 

10. —What do you think of the film So Young directed by Zhao Wei?

   — Wonderful. I think it’s _____than the other films about youth in recent years.

  A. the best       B. the worst       C. much better    D. much worse

11. There are many beautiful flowers in the world, but in parents’ eyes, their children are the _______ of all.

A. as beautiful as  B.  more beautiful  C. less beautiful D. most beautiful

12. With the building of the roads in the mountains, the life of the people there becomes _______.

 A. easier and easier   B. harder and harder  C. quieter and quieter     D. poorer and poorer

13. The _____ friends you have, the _______ you will be.

   A. more, happy      B. more, happier   C. many, happy      D. many, happier

14. This place is not big enough for Lucy’s birthday party. We should find a _______one.

  A. big              B. small         C. bigger           D. smaller

15. The Olympic Games are held ______________.

  A. every four year   B. each four year   C. each four years  D. every four years

16. If farmers          trees and forests, giant pandas         nowhere to live.

    A. cut down; have            B. will cut down; will have

    C. will cut don; have          D. cut down; will have

17. She works very hard ,so she will ____ in ____ the exam.

A. successful; pass      B. success ;passing    C. succeed; passing     D. successful; passing

四、句子复习:

I完成句子:

1. 据我所知,他将要离开西安两个月.______________________, she will be away from Xi’an for two months.

2. 打开窗户,吸收新鲜空气。  Open the window and _________________________ fresh air.

3. 中国有超过5,000年的历史.它比美国历史要长的多.

  China is _____________ 5,000 years old. It has a ___________ history than the US.

4. 尼罗河比世界上任何一条其他河流都长。  The Nile is longer than ___________________ in the world.

5. 世界上没有和太平洋一样大的海洋。  No ocean in the world is ____________________ the Pacific Ocean.

6. 面对危险,他很勇敢。  He was very brave _________________________________ danger.

7. 尽管很危险,但是许多人试着攀登这座山.Many people try to climb this mountain _____________ it is dangerous.

8. 如果有什么需要我帮助之处,请不要客气。 If you need help with anything, please ________________ to ask me.

9. 大熊猫能活到2030岁。      A panda can _______________________________________ 20 to 30 years old.

10.动物饲养员像照顾自己的孩子一样照顾大熊猫幼仔。

  The animal keepers _____________________ the baby pandas like they are their own babies.

11. 到目前为止,一切进展顺利。  ________________________________ everything is going very well.

12. 考拉的幼崽经常死于疾病并且活不长。The baby koalas often _____________________ and do not live very long.

13.一些种类的鲸处于危险之中因为人类为了获取肉、脂肪和油而捕获他们。

  Some kinds of whales are __________________ because humans catch them for meat, fat and oil.

14.越来越少的人喜欢写信。________________________________________________ people like writing letters.

15. 你锻炼得越少,你就越胖。  ____________________ exercise you take, ________________________ you will be.

16. 警察经常到学校告诉学生们安全的重要性。

  The police often go to schools to tell students about __________________ keeping safe.

17. 这种新型的手机只有五厘米长 This new type of mobile phone is only 5 centimeters _________  ___________ .

18. 我们在一起的时间越长, 我们越快乐。________  __________ we stay together , ________ _______ we will be

19.黄河是中国第二长河。The Yellow River is                                          in China.

20.中国的人口比印度的多。The population of China is __________ than ________ of India.

21.熊猫兴奋的跑过来甚至它们中有一些撞到他们的朋友摔倒了.

They_______________ and some of them even walk into their friends and               .

22.成年熊猫一天要花费12多个小时吃大约10千克竹子。

Adult pandas _____ ______ than 12 hours a day          about 10 kilos of bamboo.

23.生活在剩余的森林里的熊猫不到2000只。

There are now                2000 pandas living in the remaining forests.
24.
我们必须学会独立生存。We must learn to make a living _________ _________ _________.

25. 这里的树木没有以前那么多了。Tree here are not _________ _________ _________ before.

26. 中国大约有十三亿人口。    ___________ ___________ ___________ China is about 1.3 billion .

27. 喜马拉雅山横卧在中国西南部The Himalays run along _________ __________ __________ __________ China .

28. 大象要比熊猫重好多倍。    An elephant is __________ __________ __________ than a panda.

29. 小熊猫刚出生时不是黑色的。  A baby panda is not black ___________ ___________ .

30. 人们在面对困难时更愿意挑战自己.People want to challenge themselves in _________________________

31人类有时能比大自然的力量更强大。Humans can sometimes be stronger than ______________________ .

32 当即将到达顶峰的时候,呼吸也变得相当困难。

   It’s very hard to ___________ ___________ ___________ as you get near the top.

33.他比我大两岁。    He is ____________ _________  ______________ than I am.
34.对英语越来越感兴趣。He is becoming ____________________________________ English.
 

II.按要求改写句子

1.         The population of our school is 4300. (线部分提问)  _____________________________of our school?

2.         Lily is thinner than Lucy. (同义句)  Lucy is _______ than Lily./ Lily is not _____ _____ ______ Lucy.

3.         My favorite subject is English. (同义句)  I _______ English ________.

4.         Trendy Teens is the best clothes store in town.(对线部分提问)  _________ is the best clothes store in town?

5.         This red jacket is more expensive than that blue one.(同义句) That blue jacket is __________ than this red one.

6.         He is taller than any other student in his class. ( 同义句)     He is              in his class.

7.         Tina likes shopping. Her mother likes shopping, too. (合并成一句) _____ Tina ____ her mother like shopping.

Tina and her mother _______ _______ shopping.

8.         He is more hard-working than John. ( 同义句) John is _______ ______ than him.

9.         Li Ping doesn’t run as fast as Wang Lin.(改为同义句) Wang Lin _______ _______ _________ Li Ping.

10.     Joe is popular in our class. Mike is more popular. (同义句) Mike is ________ ________ ________ Joe in our class.

11.     I think he is not as tall as his father. (改为同义句) I think he is ________ _________ his father.

12.     Tom is taller than any other student in his class. (改为同义句)Tom is _________ _________ in his class.

Tom is taller than _____ ______ students in his class./  Tom is taller than _____ ______ in his class.

13.     My mother is smart. My father is smart, too.(同义句)

___ _____my parents ______ ______./ My parents _______ ________  smart.

14.     Julie is ten years old. Anna is eleven years old.(同义句 ) Anna is _______ ________ ______ _____Julie.

15.     We still need two more apples. (同义句) We still need ______ two apples.

16.     The mountain was so beautiful that we forgot the last two hours. (同义句)

It was ____ a beautiful mountain ________ we forgot the last two hours.

补全对话

  A:  Feel free to ask me _____1______ on today’s Great Wall tour.

  B:  How ______2______ is the wall?

  A:  If we’re only _____3____ about the parts from Ming Dynasty,it’s about 8850 km long .

  B:  Why _____4______ the ancient emperors build the wall?

  A:  The main reason was to _____5_____ their part of the country .As ____6_____ as

I know ,there are no man-made objects as big as this .

  B:  Is Badaling part of the Ming Great Wall?

  A:  Yes, it’s the _____7____ famous part.

 

In China, people who were born in and after the 1980s are called the post-80s generation (80后的一代). Most of them come from single-child families. However, the generation are playing a more and more important part in China, and their image (形象) in people’s minds is changing. Han Han, a popular writer, is one of them.

Han Han was born in Shanghai in 1982. His talent for writing was clear at an early age. At the age of 17, Han Han was paid much attention to by the public because of the article Viewing the People Through the Glass. He won the first prize in the National New Concept Composition Competition. Later, Han Han again surprised the public by leaving high school. “I tried my best to improve my studies, but I failed. In the end, I gave up my schooling. But I am always learning. I think learning and going to school are two different things,” said Han Han.

Han Han’s first novel Three Folded Gates (《三重门》) sold very well in China. Later the book was translated into several languages and sold to other countries.

In the following years, Han Han wrote a lot of books. All of them were very popular and sold very well. In 2006, he started blogging (写网络日志). Today, Han Han’s blog has received over 200 million clicks (点击) and has become one of the hottest blogs on the Internet.

根据短文内容,选择最佳选项。(10分)

(  ) 36. Which is TRUE about the post-80s generation?

A. The generation were born in 1980.

B. The generation are good at writing.

C. The generation have changed China’s image in the world.

D. The generation are playing a more and more important part in China.

(  ) 37. What can we learn from Han Han’s words in the second paragraph?

A. He never studied hard at school.

B. In the end, he left school in order to write his novel.

C. Though he gave up his studies, he didn’t stop learning.

D. The post-80s generation cannot learn unless they go to school.

(  ) 38. When did Han Han begin to write his first blog?

A. In 1992.                                         B. At the age of 17.

C. When he was 20.                   D. At the age of 24.

(  ) 39. Which of the following is TRUE according to the passage?

A. Three Folded Gates was only sold in China.

B. Han Han’s blog is very popular on the Internet.

C. The post-80s generation like writing blogs very much.

D. The public expected that Han Han would leave high school.

(  ) 40. What does the passage mainly tell us about?

A. The post-80s generation.                  

B. How to become a good writer.

C. Han Han, a popular young writer.   

D. Popular books written by Han Han.  

 



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