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14年教龄,中学一级教师,区级骨干教师,具有独特的教学方法,有数年初三毕业班教学经 验,对教材理解透彻,重难点把握到位,能针对每一位学生的学习状况,精心制定适合他们的学习方法, 能帮助学生建立良好的学习习惯、打下坚实的英语基础、增加学习兴趣并且树立学习自信心,最终取得优异的成绩。

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Unit3 Could you please clean your room?精讲精练Section B  

2015-02-11 11:07:06|  分类: 8下unit3 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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Unit3 Could you please clean your room?精讲精练Section B

1. Could I invite my friends to a party? 我能邀请我的朋友们来聚会吗?

【解析】invite sb. to Sp. 邀请某人去某地

【解析】invite  v → invitation  n邀请     (1) invite sb. to do sth 邀请某人做某事

(2) invite sb. to +地点 邀请某人去某地

You should refuse his __________(invite) .He is really friendly.

①We invited him _______(join) us to practice speaking English.

②He invited a lot of friends _________(come) to his birthday party.

2. No, you can’t have a party. 不, 你不能举办聚会。【解析】can’t 不能;不会

3. I don’t understand why some parents make their kids help with housework and chores at home. 我不理解为什么有些父母在家让孩子们帮忙做家务和杂务。

【解析】make sb. do sth 让某人做某事make → made →made v. 做, 制作, 使得

(1) make sb/sth + 形容词   让某人或某物…”  make you happy

 (2) make sb/sth do sth 使某人做某事          make me laugh.

make短语】:

make sure 确信                  make a dialogue编对话  

make a mistake犯错误            by mistake(由于疏忽)犯错误

make a noise吵闹                make faces做鬼脸

make friends (with)..交朋友      make room for..让地方 

make tea沏茶  make money赚钱   make a decision作出决定

make the bed 整理床铺    make a living 谋生  make fun of = laugh at 取笑 

4. They don’t have time to study and do houseworkeither. 

他们也没有时间来学习家务和做家务。

【解析】have time to do sth.有时间做某事have time =be free 有空

5. Housework is a waste of their time. 做家务是在浪费他们的时间。

【解析】a waste of 浪费a waste of time 浪费时间 a waste of money 浪费金钱

waste   v “浪费  waste time/money on sth

 waste time / money (in) doing sth 在做某事上花费时间/金钱

6. They should spend their time on schoolwork in order to get good grades and get into a good university.为了取得好成绩并考上一所好大学,他们应该把时间用在学习上。

【解析1spend... on  sth 在某事上花费......spend/pay/cost/take 花费

(1)spend→spent→spent v 花费,主语是人

◆ sb.+ spend +时间/+on sth      ◆sb. +spend +时间/+indoing sth

◆spend on= pay for 支付

He spends too much time on the computer games.

(2) pay →paid →paid v 支付,主语是人◆sb.+ pay + +for sth   

I pay 10 yuan for the book.

(3) cost → cost → cost  v 花费,主语是某物或某事

  ◆sth cost sb. +  某物花费某人多少钱 A new computer costs me a lot of money.

(4)take→took → taken v 花费

◆It takes /took sb. some time to do sth. 做某事花费某人多长时间

It takes him 3 hours to do his homework.

【解析2in order to “目的是;为了   后接动词原形。in order to do sth 为了做某事

【解析3get into =enter 进入

【拓展】与get相关的短语:   get up 起床       get back 返回    get over 克服

get dressed穿衣  get into进入      get/be lost丢失       get off/on/上车   get well康复

get on well with sb.与某人相处得好   get out of出来   get warm 变暧    get a chance 得到机会

get ready for +n.做准备         get ready to do sth.准备做某事

get/go to sleep(fall asleep)入睡    相关:(be asleep睡着)

7. Also, when they get older, they will have to do housework so there’s no need for them to do it now.而且,当他们长大的时候,他们也将会做家务,因此,他们没必要现在在做。

【解析】get older 长大 get/ become/ go辨析:

get + adj 较多地与形容词比较级连用。The days are getting longer and longer.

become 强调变化的结果 We became friends.

go + adj.''表示令人不快的事情 go bad变坏,go blind变瞎,go hungry挨饿

7. 8. It is the parents’ job to provide a clean and comfortable environment at home for their children. 在家为孩子们提供一个干净、舒适的环境是父母的义务。

【解析】provide sth. for sb. 为某人提供某物

   provide v 提供provide sb. with sth. ( sth 前需加介词with)

=provide sth for sb. (sb 前介词用for)        供应某人某物

相当于:offer sb. sth. = offer sth to sb.

provide

为应急等做好准备而提供; 供给

provide sb. with sth.

=provide sth for sb.提供某人某物

offer

侧重表示愿意给予

offer sb. sth. = offer sth to sb. 对某人提供某物

offer to do sth 主动提出干某事

supply

定期供应” , 强调替代或补充所需物品

Supply sb. with sth=supply sth. to sb.

为某人提供某物

9. And anyway, I think doing chores is not so difficult.

   无论如何,我认为做家务并不那么难。

【解析】anyway 无论如何,  (一般放在句首,用逗号和句子隔开)

10. I think it is important for children to learn how to do chores and help their parents with housework. 我认为对孩子们来说,学习如何做杂务并帮助他们的父母做家务是很重要的。

【解析】It is important for sb. to do sth. 对某人来说做某事是重要的

11. Children these days depend on their parents too much.    现在的孩子太依赖他们的父母。

【解析】depend on 依靠;信赖

12.... Everyone should do their part in keeping it clean and tidy. 每个人都有责任保持家里的干净和整洁。

【解析1 do one’s part 尽职责;尽本分Do one’s part in doing sth 在做某事上尽职责

【解析2keep +sth /sb. + adj.  使......处于某种状态

     keep  系动词保持” keep + adj . We must keep healthy.实义动词保持;继续

     (1) keep ( on ) doing sth 继续做某事 He was in great pain but he kept on working

     (2) keep sb. doing sth 让某人一直做某事 I’m sorry to have kept you waiting for so long.

13. Doing chores helps to develop children’s independence and teaches them how to look after themselves.  做杂务不仅可以培养孩子们的独立性还可以教他们如何照顾自己。

【解析】develop independence 培养独立意识

    develop v   development n 发展 →developing adj. 发展的 →developed adj. 发达的

a developing country 一个发展中国家   a developed country 一个发达国家

14. Since they live in one house with their parents, they should know that everyone should do their part in keeping it clean and tidy.

  既然他们和父母同住在一个房子里,他们应该知道保持家里干净、整洁每个人都应该参与。

【解析】since  conj. 既然  (表示对方已知的事实或理由,常放在句首)

15.Our neighbor’s son got into a good college but during his first year, he had an idea how to take care of himself. 我们邻居的儿子上一所好大学,但是在第一年的时候,他还不知道如何照顾自己。【解析】take care of 照顾

【拓展】与take相关的短语:

take photos/pictures 照像  take away拿走  take out取出(work out算出)   take care当心

take medicine服药        take place发生  take one’s temperature量体温

take one’s time别着急     take a walk散步

16.As a result, he often fell ill and his grades dropped. 结果,他常常生病,功课也落下了。

【解析1as a result 结果 (插入语,放在句首,用逗号隔开)

【解析2fall ill 生病    fall asleep 入睡

17.The earlier kids learn to be independent, the better it is for their future.

    孩子们越早学会独立,对他们的未来越好。

【解析】the + 比较级 the + 比较级   ...... ...... ”

实战演练:

(     ) 1. I’d invite her ________ dinner at my house tomorrow.  A. have   B. to have  C. having   D. had

(     ) 2. She was very pleased because we invited ____ to stay with us at ___ house.

         A. she; we    B. her; our    C. her; ours   D. hers; us

(     ) 3. Remember to spend some time __ your loved ones, because they’re not going to be around forever.

    A. from   B. with    C. in   D. on

(    ) 4. — How much did you ____ for this computer? — Five hundred dollars.  A. cost B. take  C. spend D. pay

 (    ) 5. Colors can change our moods and make us ___ happy or sad, energetic or sleepy.

        A. to feel   B. feeling   C. felt   D. feel

(    ) 6 .I _____ 10 yuan for that book. A. spent   B. paid   C. cost   D. take

(    ) 7.Jim spent two hours ___ that house. A. to draw   B. draws   C. draw   D. drawing

(    ) 8.She spent 100 dollars on her dress.    A. cost; for   B. paid; for   C. took; to   D. use; fo

 9. —Could you please provide us ____ some information about the students’ health?— Of course, it’s my pleasure.   A. to    B. of   C. from    D. with

10. The local people like that Italian restaurant because it ____ both delicious food and good service. A. uses     B. wants C. shares     D. provides

11.--Are you always online?--Yes. It ____ me a lot of time to read the web pages I like. It’s the best way to kill time.

             A. takes   B. spends    C. uses   D. pays

12.It only____ him 20 minutes _____to his office every day.   A. takes, to drive  B. took, drive C. takes, drive D. took, to drive

13. It usually       Mum about half an hour to cook supper.A. pays B. takes  C. spends  D. costs

14. I spent $5         this book.A. in  B. to buy   C. buying   D. buy

15. Breakfast is ___ meal of the day. It provides us with energy after a long night without food.

     A. important  B. more important C. the most important  D. very important

16. It is important ____ people ____ learn team spirit.    A. of; of    B. of; to     C. for; to    D. to;to

17. —— Shall we go for a picnic tomorrow?  —— Well, it all _______ the weather.

    A. belongs to B. happens to C .depends on     D. concentrate on

18. Thanks for your invitation, but I’m so sorry I can’t go. I need to ______ my baby at home.

     A. take away      B. take off           C. take care of     D. take out of

19. The more you smile, the _______ you will feel.  A. happy    B. happier    C. happily    D. more happily

20. —Remember this , children . _____careful you are ,______mistakes you will make . —We know , Mr. Li .  A. The more; the more B.The fewer; the more C. The more; the fewer D. The less; the less

21. — Do you know the price of the ticket? —Yes. Each _____ ?180. A. pays    B. costs  C. takes D. spends

22. It is helpful to ___________ a good habit of reading in language learning. A. take B. show C. develop D. match

23. —You have been in Neijiang very long?   —Yeah. _____my parents came here. A. For B. As  C. When  D. Since

24. One of the best ways for people to keep healthy is to___ good eating habits.

A. grow   B. develop   C. increase   D. find

25. It ______ me about 10 days ______ painting the walls.

A. took; to finish       B. cost; finishing   C. took; finishing          D. spent; to finish

26. — How much is the ticket to Central Park? —A one-way ticket ___ $40, and you can ___ another $20 for a round-trip.A. costs, pay   B. cost, spend     C. pay, spend        D. spends, pay

27.A lot of doctors gathered in Harbin ____ save “China’s most beautiful teacher” — Ms. Zhang Lili.

A. So that    B.in order to    C. in order that    D. as a result

28. —So many problems! I’m tired. —You should try to         them by yourself. You are not a child any longer.

A. get into           B. get off       C. get on                 D. get over

29. If Ted can _______ his difficulties, he’ll make great progress. A. come over      B. get over      C. get off   D. come out

30. —Who’s the man over there? Is it Mr. Black? —It ______ be him. He’s much taller. A. may not   B. can’t  C. will not  D. mustn’t


 

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