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八年级英语(下)导学案Unit 8 Have you read Treasure Island yet?  

2015-02-20 20:41:09|  分类: 8下unit8 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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八年级英语()导学案Unit 8 Have you read Treasure Island yet?

  Section A   

【课前预习】

1.预习导航:

知识目标:

A使学生学习并掌握现在完成时的用法,.掌握常用动词的过去分词的拼写形式以及熟练掌握already, yet 在现在完成时中的应用。

B.核心句型预览:

1. Have you read Little Women yet?   Yes, I have./No, I haven’t.

2. Has Tina read Treasure Island yet?  Yes, she has. She thinks it’s fantastic.

3. Have you decided which book to write about yet?

Yes, I have. I’ve already finished reading it. It was really good.

重点:学习用“Have you …yet? I’ve already…”等谈论过去的经历。

难点:初步理解already, yet在现在完成时中的用法。

       熟练掌握 already, yet 在现在完成时中的用法。

       掌握常用动词的过去分词形式。

2.预习任务:

充满               赶快;匆忙(做某事)      ___成长;长大         _  

 25      _____出海                        至少             

 陆地;大地         ___     科幻小说             _____

科技;工艺        _______  法语                ______

【课中探究】语法聚焦:现在完成时 (Present Perfect Tense)

1) 现在完成时的定义:

1)表示过去发生或已经完成的动作对现在造成的影响或结果。

It’s so dark. 太黑了。

Someone has turned off the light. 有人把灯关上了。

2)表示从过去某一时间开始并一直持续到现在的动作或状态。常与since+过去的时间点,for+一段时间,so far等时间状语连用。

I have lived here for ten years.

我已经住在这里10年了。(从10年前开始,持续到现在还住这儿)

I have lived here since 2003. 自从2003年我就住在这儿。(从2003年开始,持续到现在还住这儿)

2) 现在完成时的构成及句式转换:

助动词 have/has + 过去分词

否定 haven’t / hasn’t

               

疑问 Have you…? / Has he…?

a

助动词

新疆

I have finished my homework. (肯定句)

I have not finished my homework. (否定句)

Have you finished your homework?

Yes, I have. / No, I haven’t, (一般疑问句及肯定、否定回答)

3) 动词过去分词的变化规则:

一般情况下加-ed-e结尾的,加-d以辅音字母加y结尾的,变yi-ed重读闭音节单词,双写辅音字母加-ed

练练吧

          写出下列单词的过去式和过去分词形式:

finish __________ ____________  live __________ ___________

carry __________ _____________  stop _________ ___________

go ____________ _____________  see _______ _________

forget _________ _____________

4) 现在完成时的标志:

常与just, already, yet, ever, never, before, so far 等连用,强调动作的完成,不强调动作的持续。

Have you ever been to Japan?

I have just finished my homework.

for + 时间段;since + 过去的时间点;since + 段时间 agosince + 一般过去时的句子。

They have known each other for five years.

Since he was a child, he has lived in England.

【当堂达标】

一、根据句意或汉语提示写词。

1. We often see people take out ______ and shoot others in action movies.

2. Li Ming went to Paris three years ago, now he can speak _________ very well.

3. I think dictionaries and Internet are good _______(工具) for us to study English.

4. Look, Tim is walking t_______ the library. He wants to borrow some books.

5. Would you like something e_____ to eat?  No, thanks. I’m full.

【课后巩固】

一、用括号内所给单词适当形式填空 (每题4,20)

1. Judy has already _______ (finish) reading Little Women.

2. Tom and Mike have already _______ (decide) to learn Chinese on Internet.

3. Have you ________ (read) Alice in Wonderland yet?

4. Robinson ________ (have) already built a house on the island.

5. It often ________ (snow) in North China in winter.

二、按要求改写句子。(每空4,80)

1. Has Jack read Tom Sawyer yet? (肯定回答)

  __________, ___________ ___________.

2. Has he cut down that big tree yet? (否定回答)

  __________, ___________ ___________.

3. They have found the lost books already. (改为一般疑问句并做否定回答)

  ________ they ______ the lost books _______? No, they __________.

4. Mr. Wang began to teach English in this school in 1999. (改为同义句)

  Mr. Wang _________ __________ English in this school since 1999.

5. They have lived here since 3 years ago. (就划线部分提问)

  __________ __________ have they lived here ?

6. Mary has gone to Taiwan. (就划线部分提问)

  __________ _______ Mary ___________?

7. Julia has not got home from school yet. (改为肯定句)

  Julia ________ _________ ________ home from school.

 

. 课后巩固延伸

1. –What’s this book _____? –It’s fantastic. 

  A. like   B. about   C. on   D. for

2. –Which bag do you want? –I want the one full ____ books.

  A. with  B. to    C. for    D. of

3. –Has Judy finished cleaning the room _____? –No, she’s still doing it.

  A. already   B. just   C. ever   D. yet

4. --_____ you _____ the English composition?  --Not yet.

  A. Have, written  B. Did, write   C. Will, write   D. Do, write

5. I can’t decide ______. Could you help me?

  A. which sweater to buy     B. which to sweater buy

  C. to buy which sweater     D. to which sweater buy

用动词的适当形式填空。w     W w .x K  b  1.c  o M

1.      James lost his MP4 this morning. He hasn’t ________(find) it yet.

2.      -_____ you _____ your homework yet? –Yes, I have.

--Really? When _____ you _____(finish) it? –About ten minutes ago.

3. He ________(fall) off the bike and ________(break) his left leg yesterday.

4. The book is about four sisters ______(grow) up.

5. I saw some cannibals trying _______(kill) two men from a _______(break) ship.

一用单词的正确形式填空 

1I_______ ever________(drink)coffee. 

2.The boy__________(water)the flowers already 3.She___________(watch)the movie twice 

4.-________you _______ (visit)the Great Wall before?-Yes, I ______ 5. How long_____ your father_____ (work)in this city? 

6.He_________(get)here yesterday, so he___________(stay)here for only one day. 

7.-________you ever_______(drive)a car? - Yes, I______. 

 - When______ _you first_______(drive)a car?         

                                                               

等八年级英语()导学案

Unit 8 Have you read Treasure Island yet?

  Section B

【课前预习】

1.预习导航:

知识目标:

A.在现在完成时中熟练运用already, yet

B.核心句型预览:

 Have you introduced this singer / writer to others?

重点、难点:

重点:熟练运用现在完成时。

难点:写有关自己喜爱的作家或歌手的短文介绍及相关评论。

2.预习任务:

找出,查出           ___    变得出名            _____

要点探究

如此…以至于      ______   在一天结束的时候             ______

             1.词义辨析:

    sothat so that 的辨析

1. sothat意为“如此……以至于……”,引导结果状语从句。句中的so是副词,常常用来修饰形容词或副词。

要点探究

练练吧

2. so that引导目的状语从句,意为“以便,为了”。

2.语法聚焦        Have you introduced this singer / writer to others?

拓展

introduce 此处作及物动词,意为“介绍”。introduce sb. / sth. to sb. 意为“向某人介绍……Let me introduce my friend to you. 让我给你介绍一下我的朋友。              introduce oneself. 意为“自我介绍”。

要点探究

3.小贴士         have (has) been have (has) gone 的区别

have (has) been 表示“曾经到过某地”

辨析

have (has) gone 表示“已经去过某地了”

1.      She ________ _____ to Shanghai. (她已不在上海)

2.      She ________ _____ to Shanghai. (她可能已在去上海的路上,或已到上海。总之,现在不在这里。)

【当堂达标】10

一、根据汉语或首字母提示写词。(5分)

1We Chinese should love our motherland(祖国)f____________.

2While she was studying a________, she heard a song full of feelings about returning home.

3Many songs these days are just about m_________ life in the US, such as the importance of money and s_________.

4The poet(诗人)loves the b________ of the nature and the country.

5. We often i____________ ourselves to others at the beginning of the term.(学期)

二、单项选择 (每题6,30)

1. Ben is a foreign teacher. So far, he _______ in Taian for five years.

  A. was teaching   B. has taught   C. will teach   D. taught

2. Mr. Wang isn’t here. I think he _______ Guiyang.

A. has gone to   B. has been to   C. goes    D. went

3. Have you ever been to Beijing?  Yes, I ______.

A. do     B. have       C. was    D. did

4. Have you ever been to Shanghai? Yes, I ______ there last year.

A. went     B. have been     C. have gone   D. has been

5. Where is your father? 

He _____ Australia and he _______ Sydney for two weeks.

A. has been to; has been in        B. has gone to; has been in

C. has been in; has been to        D. has gone to; has been to

三、根据汉语完成句子。(每题5,50)

1. 她过去几乎因为每一件事和家人吵架。

  She ________ _________ fight over almost everything with her family.

2. 自从那时起,她成为乡村音乐的粉丝。

  _________ _________ ________, she has been a fan of country music.

3. 它提醒我们生活最好的部分是免费的笑声,友情,家人和大自然乡村之美。

  It ________ us that the best things in life are free-laughter, friends, family and the ___________ of nature and the _____________.

4. Garth 是美国历史上最成功的音乐家之一。

 Garth is one of the most _________ ________ in American history.

 

 

1. I think the best way _____ good grades is to work hard.

  A. get      B. to get      C. got       D. gets

2. He has many different ways ______ that work.

  A. do      B. to do       C. does      D. did

3. –Who’s that boy singing in the garden? Is it David?

  --It _____ be David. I saw him in the classroom just now.

  A. must     B. can’t     C. may     D. shouldn’t

4. –How do you learn English? http:// w ww.xkb 1. com

  --I learn English by reading books. Because _____ is important in learning English.

  A. read     B. to reading  C. reading  D. reads

5. Some people think ____ the English radio programs helps to improve English a lot.

  A. listen    B. listening   C. listens to   D. listening to

一、根据中文意思完成句子

1.他们以前一起在海外工作过。

 They ________ ________ work aboard together.

2.然而,乡村音乐把我们带回到过去的好时光,那时候人们十分友善,互相信任。

However, country music ______ us _______ to the “gold old days”when people were kind to _____ _____ and trusted _______ ________.

3.我希望将来有一天看他现场演唱。X|k |  B| 1 .   c|O  |m

I hope ______ _______ him ________ ________ one day.
4.
从那时起,她成了美国乡村音乐的一名歌迷。

______ ________ ________, she has been a fan of American country mus

 II、用所给单词的适当形式填空。 

1. When Sarah was a teenager, she used _________ (fight) over almost everything with her family. 

2. Five years ago, while she ___________ (study) abroad, she _______ (hear) a song full of feelings about returning home on the radio. 3. Ever since then, she _____________ (be) a fan of American country music. 

4. Sarah ______________ (not be) to Nashville yet, but it is her dream to go there one day. 

5. She ______ already _______ (read) a lot about the place and she ____________ (do) some research on it. 

6. I _________ (join) the book club last month and I ____________ (read) five books already. 

7. I only _________ (start) taking French classes last week and I _____________ (learn) 50 French words already. 

8. Tony __________ (buy) a pop music CD yesterday but he _________ __________ (not listen) to it yet. 

9. They _____________ (listen) to many songs by The Beatles, but they cannot ___________ (sing) any of them. 

 III、用括号内单词的适当形式填空。 

1. ________ you _____________ (decide)  yet? 

2. I ________________ (finish) reading this book already.  3. She _______________ (not read) that story yet.  

4. Great changes ________________ (take) place here in the last five years. 5. Mike ______________ the film already.  He _________ it last night. (see) 6.-Where’s Li Ming? 

-He _______________ (go) to the teachers’ office. 

7. So far they _______________ (make) quite a few friends here. 

8. –How long ________ the Browns ________ (stay) here?  -For two days. 9. My father ________________ (work) here since we __________ (move)  here in 1999. 

10. Our country ________________ (change) a lot so far. 

 II、用所给单词的适当形式填空。 

1. -______ he __________(finish) his work today?   -Not yet. 

2. Shanghai __________ (be) a small town hundreds of years ago. Now it _____________ (become) a large city. 3. Ever since then, she _____________ (live) here. 4. It’s three years since he ____________ (join) the army. 5. The old man __________________ (die) for a month. 

八年级英语(下)导学案Unit 8 Have you read Treasure Island yet? - 快乐英语 - 学好英语 改变人生

 

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