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八年级下册Unit 8 Have you read Treasure Island yet?短语句型语法课本重难点及练习  

2015-02-20 20:43:25|  分类: 8下unit8 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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八年级下册Unit 8 Have you read Treasure Island yet?短语句型语法课本重难点及练习

一、重点短语

1. on page 25 在第2 5                  2. the back of the book 书的背面

3. hurry up 赶快;匆忙                    4. in two weeks 在两周之内

5. go out to sea 出海      

6. an island full of treasures 一个满是宝藏的岛屿

7. write about 写作关于……的内容         8. finish doing sth. 做完某事

9. wait for another ship 等待另一艘船到来

10. learn to do sth. 学会做某事

11. grow fruits and vegetables 种水果和蔬菜

12. a few weeks ago 几个星期前

13. the m arks of another m an’s feet另一个人的脚印

14. not long after that 不久之后            15. run towards sp. 跑向某地

16. use... to do sth. ……来做某事

17. signs left behind by someone某人留下的标记

18. read the newspaper 看报              19. science fiction 科幻小说

20. can’t wait to do sth. 迫不及待地做某事

21. a good way to wake up 醒来的一个好办法

22. number of people 人数               

23. used to do sth. (过去)常常做某事        24. study abroad 在国外学习

25. make sb. do sth. 使某人做某事         26. come to realize 开始意识到

27. ever since then 自从那时起

28. the southern states of America美国的南部地区

29. belong to 属于                      30. be kind to each other 善待彼此

31. trust one another 互相信任           32. the beauty of nature 大自然的美

33. have been to sp. 去过某地

34. do some research on sth. ……做研究

35. hope to do sth. 希望做某事            36. see sb. do sth. 看到某人做某事

37. the firs t line in the song歌曲的第一行  38. enjoy success in享受……的成功

39. at the end of the day傍晚的时候

 

二、重点句型

1. Have you. ? . yet?

— Have you read l ittle Women yet?

你读过《小妇人》吗?

— YesI have. /N o , I haven’ t.

是的,我读过。/ 不,我没有。

2. Has... yet?

— Has Tina read Treasure Island yet?

蒂娜读过《金银岛》这本书吗?

— Yes, she has. She thinks i t ’ s fantastic.是的,她读过。她觉得它很棒。

3. Would you like...?

Would you like something to drink?

你要来点喝的吗?

4. I heard...

I heard you lost your key.

我听说你丢钥匙了。

5 . . . . came to realize how much...

She came to realize how much she actually missed all of them.

她开始意识到,事实上她是多么想念他们所有的人。

 

三.语法难点

现在完成时:

1.概念:

过去发生或已经完成的动作对现在造成的影响或结果,或从过去已经开始,持续到现在的动作或状态。

2.时间状语:

recently, lately, since…for…,in the past few years, already ,yet ,never ,ever, just, before, so far ,once, twice etc.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          

3.基本结构:  have/has + done

4.否定形式:   have/has + not +done.

5.一般疑问句:   havehas放于句首。

6.反义疑问句: 直接用has /have 进行反问                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           

7.与时间段连用时,短暂性动词应改为相应的延续性动词。                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             

  go out----be out       finish-----be over          leave ----be away from 

buy ----have          borrow /lend -----keep 

open ---be open       close---be closed   die—be dead  

  start/begin ----be on    join—--be in /be a member of /be a soldier 

 become –be           make friend ---be friend         get up---be up         

fall asleep ---be asleep       reach/get/arrive---stay/be

  catch a cold – have a cold         

 

四.重点知识点讲解

Section A

1. What’s it like? 它怎么样?

【解析】某物怎么样? What’s ++like?

                      How+be + 物?

        某人怎么样?

用来提问人的性格(                        )

       用来提问人的外表(                        )

 

2. Oliver Twist is about a boy who went out to sea and found an Island full of treasures.

《雾都孤儿》 讲的是一个小男孩出海并发现了一个满是珠宝的小岛的故事。

【解析】full of 充满

       be full of = be filled with 充满

 

 

3. It’s about four sisters growing up. 它讲述的是四个姐妹的成长故事。

【解析】grow up 长大;成长    I grew up in Beijing.

grow into 长大成为     Mary grew into a beautiful girl.

 

4. You should hurry up . 你得快点。

【解析】hurry up 赶快;急忙(做某事)

               (用在口语中,用来催促别人快走)

in a hurry匆忙地  hurry to do sth 匆忙去做  hurry off 匆忙离开

 

5. The book report is due in two weeks. 读书报告两周后就要到期了。

【解析1due  adj. 预期;预定 , 通常只用作表语。

        be due to do sth 预期做某事

 E.g.: You are due to hand in your composition on Friday afternoon.

【解析2in two weeks “两周之后in意为......以后

      “in+一段时间用在一般将来时的句子中,意为......(时间)后

  E.g.: He will be back in a week. 一周之后,他将回来。

【注意】:after 常用在一般过去式的句子中。

  E.g.: He got to Beijing after two hours. 他是两个下时候到北京的。

 

 

6. Who else is on my island? 是谁在我的岛上?

【解析】else 其他的;别的

【辨析】other /else

(1) other( adj) .“别的;其他的修饰n. 放名词前作定语。

On the other hand “另一方面

(2) else( adj ).“别的;其他的放疑问词或不定代词之后。

 

 

7. I saw some cannibals trying to kill two men from a broken ship.

    我看见一些食人族正试图杀死来自一艘破船上的两个人。

【解析】see sb. Doing sth 看见某人正在做某事

         see sb. do sth 看见某人做了某事

 

 

8. How long have they been here? 他们来这里多久了。

【解析】have been (in) 待在某地

have/has gone to“到某地去,说话时该人不在现场,

E.g. —Where is Jim———吉姆在哪里?

      —He has gone to England———他去英国了。(尚未回来)

have/has been to“曾经去过某地,现在已不在那里了,后可接次数,如oncetwicethree times等,表示去过某地几次,也可和 justneverever等连用。

E.g.  My father has been to Beijing twice.我父亲去过北京两次。

have been in表示在某地呆了多少时间,常与时间段状语连用。

 E.g.  I have been in Shanghai for three years.我到上海已有三年了

 

 

9. Every time she is in the library, Sally looks at the many books she hasn’t read (not read) yet and she can’t wait to read them!  每次在图书馆,当萨利 看到那些她没读过的书的时候,她总是迫不及待地想要去读它们。

【解析】can’t wait to do sth 迫不及待地做某事

      wait  v 等,等候,等待 → waiter n 侍者

wait for 等候 (后接名词、代词)Please wait for me at the gate.

 

wait to do sth 等着做某事

 

 

10. What do you think of them? 你觉得它们怎么样?

【解析1What do you think of…? 你认为……怎么样?

 

  

【解析2think of / think about / think over辨析:

  think of, : 思考,考虑,对….有某种看法: 想出, 想着,想起

  think about: 思考,考虑,对….有某种看法

think over意为仔细考虑,认真考虑,强调思考的程度比think of/ about(为副词短语)

 

 

 

Section B.

11. When Sarah was a teenager, she used to fight over almost everything with her family.当萨拉还是一个青少年的时候,她常常几乎所有事情都和她的家人争吵。

【解析】fight over ……争吵

        fight for + 抽象名词(事业、自由、权利) ......而斗争

        have a fight with  ......打了一架

 

 

12. Ever since then, she has been a fan of American country music.

   从那以后,她成了一名美国乡村音乐爱好者。

【解析】ever since 自从……以来

ever since 作连词时=since, ever起强调作用 ,主句常用现在完成时.

 E.g.: I haven’t heard from him since last year.

  =I haven’t heard from him ever since last year.

 

 

13. However country music brings us back to the “good old days “ when people   were kind to each other and trusted one another.

 然而, 乡村音乐把我们带回人们彼此友好、彼此信任的美好旧时代

【解析】be kind to ……友好= be friendly to

       kind of “有点儿,有几分相当于a little a bit

      a kind of “一种 

      all kinds of “各种各样的  

      different kinds of“不同种类的

What kind of ….的种类 (用来询问事物的类别)

 

14. He’s sold more than 120 million records. 他的唱片销量已经超过1.2亿张。

【解析】million 一百万

       hundred n      hundreds of 数以百的

       thousand n     thousands of成千上万的

million n 百万    millions of成百万的

【注】:(1)million 前面有具体的数字时,用单数形式

        (2)million 后与of 连用时用复数形式,

       millions of 是数百万的意思,前面不能加数词

【口诀】:具体的不加s 也不加of,不具体的加s 也加of

 

 

 

15. The number of records he has sold. 他已售出唱片的数量。

【解析】 the number of

the number of 表示“……的数目,后跟名词复数或代词,其后的谓语动词用单数。

a number of 表示大量的,许多,后跟复数名词,其后谓语动词用复数

 

.

 

16. Have you introduced this singer/ writer to other?

   你给其他人介绍过这个歌手/作家吗?

【解析】 introduce v 介绍;引进

  (1) introduce oneself to sb. 向某人作自我介绍

E.g.: Let me introduce myself to you.

  (2) introduce A to B.A介绍给B

    E.g. May I introduce my friend Jim to you?

  (3) introduce into 引进

                              测试题                                                                 

1. —Jack, let’s go to see the movie Harry Potter.

  —Oh, I ______ it many times. So I don’t want to see it.

  A. have seen        B. see           C. will see            D. saw

2. What does Anna look like?

  _________.

  A. She’s kind       B. She’s tall      C. She likes skating

3. If you read a lot, your life will be full ___ pleasure.

  A. by              B. of            C .for               D. with

4. ---Tom, supper is ready.

  ----I don't want to eat____________, Mum. I'm not feeling well.

  A. everything      B. nothing           C. something          D. anything

5. A smile costs ________, but gives so much.

  A. something      B. anything          C. nothing              D .everything

6. —Oh, I’ve left my schoolbag in the classroom.

 — Don’t worry. I’ll ___it for you.

A. bring          B. get            C. carry             D. take

7. I’m sorry, Mr Li. I ______ my English homework at home.

  Don’t forget ____ it to school tomorrow.

  A. left, to bring        B. forgot, to take       C. lost, to bring

8. There is _______in his home.

A. other nothing     B. nothing other    C. else nothing    D. nothing else

9. When I passed the classroom, I heard a girl ____ in it.

  A. sing             B. losing           C. sang          D. singing

10. —Why are you worried?

   —I’m expecting a call from my daughter. She ____ New York for three days.

  A. has gone to      B. has been to     C. has been in     D. has come in

11. —I’d like you to tell me something about Hua Mountain.   

   —I’m sorry, but neither Jack nor I ____ there.

A. have been       B. had been      C. have gone       D. has gone

12. —Is Tom at home?

   —No, he ______ to town.

  A. has been        B. has gone      C. goes          D. will go

13. My family has two dogs. One is white, ________ is black.

A. other            B. another         C. the other         D. others

14. — Would you like some noodles?

     ____. I am not hungry now.

 A. You are welcome    B. Yes, please    C. No, thanks    D. Here you are

15. How nice the ice cream looks! I _____ taste it.

 A. wait to    B. can’t wait to    C. wait a moment       D. wait my chance

16. —what do you _______ this book?

   — I don’t like it.

 A. think of        B. think over       C. think about

17. I met Lucy in the primary school and we have been close friends _____.

  A. as usual      B. again and again    C. sooner or later    D. ever since

18. Are these books ______ ?

   No, they are not mine. They belong to _____.

  A. your; her     B. yours; her    C. you; hers    D. yours; she

19. The French book must be Li Ying’s. She’s the only one who’s studying French.

  A. belong to li Ying’s        B. belong to Li Ying  

  C. belong Li Ying’s         D. belong Li Ying

20. — _____ rice would you like?   — Small, please.

A. What kind of           B. What size    

C. What size of           D. What size bowl of

21. How many people were invited to the meeting? About six ____.

  A. hundred      B. hundreds      C. hundred of    D. hundreds of

22. We planted _______  trees last year.

  A. hundreds of    B. hundred of    C. five hundreds   D. five hundred of

23. —How many______ teachers are there in your school?

— _____ them _____ over two hundred.

A. woman; The number of; is          B. women; The number of; is

C. woman; A number of; is            D . women; A number of; are

24. In our school library there ___ a number of books on science, and in these years the number of them ___ growing larger and larger.

  A. are; is       B.is; are      C.have; are     D.has; is

25.—Hello, everyone!     —Please let me ______.

  A. introduce my name         B. introduce myself 

C. to introduce myself         D. introduce to myself

26. I tried many times,______ I succeeded.

  A. on the end       B. in the end       C. by the end      D. at the end

27. The number of the cars in our neighborhood is about eight ____, and ____ of them are new cars.

  A. hundred; two thirds                           B. hundred; two thirds        

  C. Hundreds; two thirds                       D. hundreds; two third

 

八年级下册Unit 8 Have you read Treasure Island yet?短语句型语法课本重难点及练习 - 快乐英语 - 学好英语 改变人生

 

 

 

 

 

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八年级下册Unit 8 Have you read Treasure Island yet?短语句型语法课本重难点及练习 - 快乐英语 - 学好英语 改变人生

 

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