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14年教龄,中学一级教师,区级骨干教师,具有独特的教学方法,有数年初三毕业班教学经 验,对教材理解透彻,重难点把握到位,能针对每一位学生的学习状况,精心制定适合他们的学习方法, 能帮助学生建立良好的学习习惯、打下坚实的英语基础、增加学习兴趣并且树立学习自信心,最终取得优异的成绩。

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八年级下册Unit 9 Have you ever been to a museum?Section B课文重难点详解  

2015-02-20 20:49:00|  分类: 8下unit9 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

  下载LOFTER 我的照片书  |

八年级下册Unit 9 Have you ever been to a museum?课文重难点详解

Section B-self Check

 

1. How long in China? 在中国多久了。

【解析】how long

【拓展】how far 问路程  多远          how old  问年龄 多少岁

 how long 问时间 多久, 多长   how often 问频率 多久一次

  how much 问价格 多少         how many + n复数  多少

2012曲靖中考】— Do you know ___ that T-shirt is ?

                 Very cheap. It’s only 45 yuan.

       A. how many     B. how often    C. how much    D. how far

2. For thousands of tourists from China , this small island in Southeast Asia is a

   wonderful and safe place to take a holiday.   对于成千上万的中国游客来说,

   这个东南亚的小岛成了美妙又安全的度假胜地。

【解析1thousands of 数以千记的;许许多多的

          hundred n     hundreds of 数以百的

thousand n    thousands of成千上万的

million n 百万   millions of成百万的

 【注】:(1)million 前面有具体的数字时,用单数形式

(2)million 后与of 连用时用复数形式,

millions of 是数百万的意思,前面不能加数词

【口诀】:具体的不加s 也不加of,不具体的加s 也加of

_______(million) of people go to look for jobs in big cities every day.

(    )_______of students help homeless people through the Red Cross.

A. Thousand   B. Thousands C. A thousand  D. Hundred and thousand

(    ) 【四川广元】— Guang’an is a beautiful city, isn’t it?

                   Yes, There are about two visitors here every week.

                A. thousands of    B. thousands    C. thousand

(    ) Football is so exciting that ___ people in the world play it.

      A. million of   B. two millions   C. millions of   D. a million of

2013云南中考】— How many people were invited to the meeting?

                 About six ____.

     A. hundred    B. hundreds    C. hundred of   D. hundreds of

【解析2safe  adj.安全的    → safety  n. 安全    safely adv

safety belt 安全带    safety first 安全第一

The policed carried the crying boy to ___________(safe).

2013山东莱芜】The plane landed _____________       (safe) yesterday.

2011浙江丽水】Everybody should remember it is not _____ to swim in the

     river alone

Ahealthy    B. safe    Cpossible    Dcomfortable

3. On the one hand , more than three quarters of the population are Chinese , so you can simply speak Putonghua  a lot of the time, on the other hand , Singapore is an English- speaking country , so it’s also a good place to practice your English! 一方面,华人占到了人口的四分之三还多,因此,大部分时间里你只要讲普通话就足够了。 另一方面, 新加坡是一个讲英语的国家, 所以这里也是一个你练习英语的好地方。

【解析1on the one hand … on the other hand ……

     一方面…… 另一方面……(该短语常并列使用,用于列举原因,情况等)

On the one hand , parents should take good care of their children; on the other hand,

  children should respect their parents.

【解析2 three quarters 四分之三(分数表达法)

【分数词的表达法】:

  1).结构: a).分子用基数词,分母用序数词.

       分子(基数词)           1  

      分母(序数词)           4       = one fourth = one quarter

           b).当分子大于1,分母为序数词加s.

           ?  =  three fourths = three quarters

 

  2).注意:   分数词的几种特殊形式.

  1/3—one third =  a third

  1/4—one fourth = a quarter

  1/2—one second = a half

  3/4—three fourths = three quarters

 

 3).分数词作主语时, 谓语动词根据分数词后面的名词来确定.

              不可数名词 +动词单三形式

分数 + of +

               可数名词 + 动词变复数形式

  Two fifths of the milk ______(be ) drunk by Tom .

  One third of the students _______(be )girls .

(    ) The number of the students in our grade ___ about ___ of them are girls.

      A. are, six hundreds ; two thirds      B. is ; six hundred; two third

      C. is ; six hundred; two thirds         D. are; six hundred; two third

2013黄石】It’s said that ______ of the water around the world ______ polluted.

     A. two third; has       B. two thirds; have    C. two third; are         D. two thirds; is

【解析3simple 仅仅;只;不过  simply adv 仅仅 = just / only

2012江苏扬州】You _______ can’t imagine how terrible the earthquake it.

     ( simple)

【解析4English-speaking 讲英语的

【解析5practice v 练习;实践

Practice sth

练习某物/

Practice English

Practice doing sth

练习做某事

Practice speaking English

 

4. In Singapore , however,you’ll find a lot of food from China: you won’t have any problem getting rice, noodles or dumplings.  然而在新加坡, 你会发现很多中国食物:如果你想要米饭、面条或者饺子都没有任何问题。

【解析】 have problems /trouble / difficulty (in ) doing sth 做某事有困难。

 

 

5. Whether you like India food, Western food or Japanese food, you’ll find it all in Singapore.   无论你喜欢印度食物、西方食物或者日本食物,在新加坡你全部都能找到。

【解析1whether 是否;不管……(还是);或者……(或者),常与or连用。

引导让步状语从句,从句用一般现在时。

Whether you like it or not, you’ll have to do it.

【解析2Japanese   n 日本人;日语 (pl) Japanese

                      adj. 日本的,日语的; 日本人的

6. It might seem strange to go to a zoo when it’s dark. 

   天黑的时候去动物园似乎很奇怪。

【解析】might 可能  may 的过去式,表推测

    He might come today

7. However , if you go to see lions, tigers or foxes during the daytime, they’ll

   probably be asleep!

   但是,如果你白天去看狮子、老虎或者狐狸,它们都可能 睡着了。

【解析1fox  → (pl) foxes    old foxes 老狐狸;老油条

【谚语】 A fox may grow grey, but never good. 江山易改本性难移

【解析2during ……期间

         during prep. “在…..期间”, during the concert 在音乐会期间

          “during + 时间段与延续性动词连用表示某段时间的动作。

  during the daytime = in the daytime/day 在白天

【广东深圳1】— What will you do ____ the summer holiday ?

        I think I shall watch London Olypic Games. It will ____ in August.

      A. during; be held    B. at; hold    C. during; hold   D. at; be hold

【解析3sleep

     sleep / asleep 辨析:

(1) sleep =be in bed v 睡觉,指睡的动作状态,

(2) get to sleep =fall asleep 入睡,强调进入睡眠的状态

(3)go to bed 上床睡觉,强调睡觉的动作。

【记】 He went to bed at ten last night , but he didn’t go to sleep until . He only fell asleep for 5 hours.

  (  ) Jim, Where is your sister?    OhShe is still in bed.

     A. going to bed   B. in her bedroom  C. sleeping  D. sleepy

【拓展】 sleep (slept; slept) v“睡觉”   sleepy  adj. “困倦的;疲惫的”

sleepy

困倦的可做表语和定语

feel sleepy 感到疲倦

sleeping

熟睡的“可做定语和表语

the sleeping baby 熟睡的婴儿

asleep

睡着的”, 只做表语

fall asleep 入睡

She worked until midnight last night. So she is very           (sleep) now.

I didn’t sleep well last night, I’m very _________(sleep).

keep quiet, kids, Dad ____________(sleep) in the next room.

  OK , Mum.

 

8.A lot of animals only wake up at night, so this is the best time to watch them. 很多动物只在夜间醒来,因此这个时候是观看它们的最佳时间。

【解析】(it’s time to do sth 到了该做某事的时候了

9. So you can choose to go whenever you like spring, summer, autumn or winter. 所以无论春夏秋冬,你可以选择任何你想去的时候去那里。

【解析1choose  chose chosen  v. “选择

→ choice  n.选择

       This is a correct choice.

         choose to do sth 选择做某事

【解析2whenever = no matter when任何时候

2013江西2 Kate’s dad is getting old. She will go back home to see him ___ it

      is convenient.

    A. because     B.whenever    C.although   D.unless

【解析3 spring n 春天  Spring Festival 春节

               n 泉水

【谚语】A year’s plan starts with spring 一年之计在于春

【名言】If winter comes, can spring be far behind? P .B Shelley.

10. This is because the island is so close to the equator.

   这是因为这个岛离赤道很近。

【解析】 close adj. ......近,与.......亲近的

 (1) v 关(反) open closed  adj. 关的

(2) adj.密切的  be close to …  a close friend 一个亲密的朋友

   My home is close to the school.

(3)  adv. 接近地 靠近地 

  Today I come close to be late.

【拓展】open v open adj. 开着的

        close v closed 关闭的

2013湖北】It’s rather hot in the room. You’d better __ the windows or the door.

        A. close              B. not to close     C. don’t close            D. not close

11. Have you ever heard of the Night Safari? 你听说过夜间动物园。

【解析】hear v 听说

拓展】listen to/hear

(1)listen/listen to 听,侧重听的“过程“

(2)hear 听,侧重听的“结果”

(    )He _____but could _____ nothing.

A .heard ; listened     B. listened; heard    C. heard; heard

hear sb. do sth 听见某人做某事   I often hear him sing in the room.

hear sb. doing sth 听见某人正在做某事  I hear him singing in the room

(    ) When the little boy _____ someone coming upstairs, he stopped _____.

    A. heard; to cry  B .listened; crying  C. heard; crying  D .listened; to cry

hear of/about 听说    hear from =receive a letter from sb. 收到某人的来信

I’m sorry to hear that.听到这件事我很难过(指听到别人不幸的消息时的用语)

(    ) How often do you_____ your sister?

      Ahear   B. hear of  C. hear from  D .hear about

(    ) Mike hurt his arm the day before yesterday. Now he’s in hospital.

 _____.

   A. I’m sorry to hear that    B. That’s all right.  C.I hope you’ll feel better soon.

 



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