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14年教龄,中学一级教师,区级骨干教师,具有独特的教学方法,有数年初三毕业班教学经 验,对教材理解透彻,重难点把握到位,能针对每一位学生的学习状况,精心制定适合他们的学习方法, 能帮助学生建立良好的学习习惯、打下坚实的英语基础、增加学习兴趣并且树立学习自信心,最终取得优异的成绩。

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2014年新版八年级下Unit 9 Have you ever been to a museum ?Section B重点短语归纳与考例  

2015-02-20 20:50:12|  分类: 8下unit9 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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2014年新版八年级下Unit 9 Have you ever been to a museum Section B重点短语归纳与考例

Section B重点短语归纳:

thousands of 数以千计的,许许多多的;three quarters四分之三;close to贴近,邻近;

on the one hand...on the other hand一方面......另一方面......take a holiday度假;

whether...or...无论/不管…还是…;practice doing sth.练习做某事;at night在夜晚;

have problem doing sth.做某事遇到困难;be asleep睡着(表示状态)of course当然;

be far from远离;English-speaking country说英语的国家;

2. How long in China? 在中国多久了?

【解析】how long

【拓展】how far 问路程  多远          how old  问年龄 多少岁

     how long 问时间 多久, 多长   how often 问频率 多久一次

     how much 问价格 多少         how many + n复数  多少

3. For thousands of tourists from China , this small island in Southeast Asia is a wonderful and safe place to take a holiday. 对于成千上万的中国游客来说,这个东南亚的小岛成了美妙又安全的度假胜地。

【解析1thousands of 数以千记的;许许多多的

          hundred n     hundreds of 数以百的

thousand n    thousands of成千上万的

million n 百万   millions of成百万的

【注】:(1)million 前面有具体的数字时,用单数形式;

       (2)million 后与of 连用时用复数形式,millions of 是数百万的意思,前面不能加数词.

【口诀】:具体的不加s 也不加of,不具体的加s 也加of

_______(million) of people go to look for jobs in big cities every day.

_______of students help homeless people through the Red Cross.

  A. Thousand   B. Thousands  C. A thousand  D. Hundred and thousand

【解析2safe  adj.安全的  → safety  n. 安全   safely adv.

safety belt 安全带    safety first 安全第一

【典型例题】

--Guang’an is a beautiful city, isn’t it?【四川广元】

  --Yes, There are about two      visitors here every week.

  A. thousands of    B. thousands    C. thousand

Football is so exciting that ___ people in the world play it.

   A. million of   B. two millions   C. millions of   D. a million of

③The plane landed _____________     (safe) yesterday.2013山东莱芜】

④Everybody should remember it is not ____ to swim in the river alone.【2011浙江丽水】

   A. healthy    B. safe    Cpossible    DComfortable

⑤--Do you know ___ that T-shirt is ?2012曲靖中考】

  --Very cheap. It’s only 45 yuan.

   A. how many     B. how often    C. how much    D. how far

The number of the cars in our neighborhood is about eight _____, and _____ of them are new cars.    2013 齐齐哈尔】    

    A. hundred; two thirds             B. hundred; two third      

    C. hundreds; two thirds            D. hundreds; two third

4. On the one hand, more than three quarters of the population are Chinese, so you can simply speak Putonghua a lot of the time. On the other hand , Singapore is an English- speaking country, so it’s also a good place to practice your English!

  一方面,华人占到了人口的四分之三还多,因此,大部分时间里你只要讲普通话就足够了。 另一方面,新加坡是一个讲英语的国家,所以这里也是一个你练习英语的好地方。

【解析1on the one hand … on the other hand ……

     一方面…… 另一方面……(该短语常并列使用,用于列举原因,情况等)

E.g.: On the one hand , parents should take good care of their children; on the other hand,

children should respect their parents.

    一方面父母应该照顾好孩子,另一方面孩子应尊重父母。

【解析2 three quarters 四分之三(分数表达法)

【分数词的表达法】:   [重点]

(1).结构: a).分子用基数词,分母用序数词.

      分子(基数词)           1 

      分母(序数词)           4        = one fourth = one quarter

          b).当分子大于1,分母为序数词加s.

           ?  =  three fourths = three quarters

(2).注意:   分数词的几种特殊形式.

  1/3—one third  =  a third

  1/4—one fourth  =  a quarter

  1/2—one second  =  a half

  3/4—three fourths  =  three quarters

(3). 分数词作主语时, 谓语动词根据分数词后面的名词来确定.

              不可数名词 +动词单三形式

分数 + of +

               可数名词 + 动词变复数形式

例题:Two fifths of the milk ______(be ) drunk by Tom .

      One third of the students _______(be )girls .

【解析3simple 仅仅;只;不过  simply adv 仅仅 = just / only

2012江苏扬州】You _______ can’t imagine how terrible the earthquake it. ( simple)

【解析4English-speaking 讲英语的

【解析5practice v 练习;实践

Practice sth

练习某物/

Practice English

Practice doing sth

练习做某事

Practice speaking English

5. In Singapore , however,you’ll find a lot of food from China: you won’t have any problem getting rice, noodles or dumplings.  然而在新加坡, 你会发现很多中国食物:如果你想要米饭、面条或者饺子都没有任何问题。

【解析】 have problems /trouble / difficulty (in ) doing sth 做某事有困难。

【典型例题】

The number of the students in our grade ___ about ___ of them are girls.

      A. are, six hundreds ; two thirds      B. is ; six hundred; two third

      C. is ; six hundred; two thirds         D. are; six hundred; two third

It’s said that ______ of the water around the world ______ polluted.2013黄石】

   A. two third; has      B. two thirds; have    C. two third; are      D. two thirds; is

--Li Jiacheng plans to give _____ of his money to the charity.2012 湖南郴州】

--Really? What a kind man he is!  

   A. one third   B. one three   C. one thirds

We should practice _____ English as much as possible. 2012 乌鲁木齐】

   A. speak    B. speaking    C. to speak     D. speak in

Lisa is a little poor at Chinese. I think she needs____it every day.2012黑河/齐齐哈尔】

   A. practice to speak    B. to practice speaking    C. practice speaking 

6. Whether you like India food, Western food or Japanese food, you’ll find it all in Singapore.  

  无论你喜欢印度食物、西方食物或者日本食物,在新加坡你全部都能找到。

【解析1whether 是否;不管……(还是);或者……(或者),常与or连用。

引导让步状语从句,从句用一般现在时。

E.g.: Whether you like it or not, you’ll have to do it.

【解析2Japanese  n 日本人;日语 (pl) Japanese

                   adj. 日本的,日语的; 日本人的

7. It might seem strange to go to a zoo when it’s dark. 

  天黑的时候去动物园似乎很奇怪。

【解析】might 可能  may 的过去式,表推测

  E.g.: He might come today

8. You won’t have any problem getting rice, noodles or dumplings.

  你将会毫不费力的找到米饭、面条或饺子。

  【解析】Have problems (in) doing sth. 意为“做某事遇到困难或麻烦”,也可用have trouble/difficulty (in) doing sth./ with sth.

  E.g.: He has some problems with his ears. 他耳朵有些问题。

      They had problems in getting here. 他们到达这儿有困难。  

9. However , if you go to see lions, tigers or foxes during the daytime, they’ll probably be asleep! 但是,如果你白天去看狮子、老虎或者狐狸,它们都可能 睡着了。

【解析1fox  → (pl) foxes    old foxes 老狐狸;老油条

【谚语】A fox may grow grey, but never good. 江山易改本性难移。

【解析2during ……期间

   during prep. “…..期间 during the concert 在音乐会期间

   “during + 时间段与延续性动词连用表示某段时间的动作。

E.g.: during the daytime = in the daytime/day 在白天

【解析3sleep / asleep 辨析:

(1) sleep =be in bed v 睡觉,指睡的动作状态,

(2) get to sleep =fall asleep 入睡,强调进入睡眠的状态

(3)go to bed 上床睡觉,强调睡觉的动作。

【记】He went to bed at ten last night , but he didn’t go to sleep until .

      He only fell asleep for 5 hours.

【拓展】 sleep (slept; slept) v“睡觉” →  sleepy  adj. “困倦的;疲惫的

sleepy

困倦的可做表语和定语

feel sleepy 感到疲倦

sleeping

熟睡的可做定语和表语

the sleeping baby 熟睡的婴儿

asleep

睡着的”, 只做表语

fall asleep 入睡

She worked until midnight last night. So she is very         (sleep) now.

I didn’t sleep well last night, I’m very _________(sleep).

③ — keep quiet, kids, Dad ___________(sleep) in the next room.

  — OK , Mum.

【典型例题】

I have great_____ in learning math and I am so worried.   2012 齐齐哈尔】

  A. trouble      B. interest    C. fun

--What will you do ____ the summer holiday ?【广东深圳】

  --I think I shall watch London Olypic Games. It will ____ in August.

  A. during; be held    B. at; hold    C. during; hold   D. at; be hold

-- Jim, Where is your sister?   

  --OhShe is still      in bed.

  A. going to bed    B. in her bedroom   C. sleeping   D. sleepy

10. A lot of animals only wake up at night, so this is the best time to watch them.

   很多动物只在夜间醒来,因此这个时候是观看它们的最佳时间。

【解析】(it’s) time to do sth 到了该做某事的时候了

11. So you can choose to go whenever you like— spring, summer, autumn or winter.

   所以无论春夏秋冬,你可以选择任何你想去的时候去那里。

【解析1choose  →chose →chosen  v. “选择 → choice  n.选择

E.g.: This is a correct choice.

  choose to do sth 选择做某事

【解析2whenever = no matter when任何时候

【解析3 spring n 春天 n 泉水  Spring Festival 春节   

【谚语】A year’s plan starts with spring 一年之计在于春

【名言】If winter comes, can spring be far behind? — P .B Shelley.

12. This is because the island is so close to the equator.

   这是因为这个岛离赤道很近。

【解析】 close adj. ......近,与.......亲近的

 (1) v 关(反) open →closed  adj. 关的

(2) adj.密切的  be close to …  a close friend 一个亲密的朋友

   E.g.: My home is close to the school.

(3) adv. 接近地 靠近地 

   E.g.: Today I come close to be late.

【拓展】open v → open adj. 开着的; close v →closed 关闭的

13. Have you ever heard of the Night Safari? 你听说过夜间动物园。

【解析】hear v 听说

拓展】listen to/hear

(1)listen/listen to 听,侧重听的过程

(2)hear 听,侧重听的结果

hear sb. do sth 听见某人做某事  

E.g.: I often hear him sing in the room.

hear sb. doing sth 听见某人正在做某事 

E.g.: I hear him singing in the room

(3). hear of/about 听说   

hear from =receive a letter from sb. 收到某人的来信

E.g.: I’m sorry to hear that.听到这件事我很难过(指听到别人不幸的消息时的用语)

【典型例题】

It’s rather hot in the room. You’d better __ the windows or the door.2013湖北】

  A. close          B. not to close       C. don’t close         D. not close

He _____but could _____ nothing.

  A .heard ; listened     B. listened; heard    C. heard; heard

How often do you_____ your sister?

      Ahear   B. hear of  C. hear from  D .hear about

— Mike hurt his arm the day before yesterday. Now he’s in hospital.

  —_____.

   A. I’m sorry to hear that    B. That’s all right.  C.I hope you’ll feel better soon.

【考例综合】

 

1. --How many people were invited to the meeting?  --About six ____.2013云南】

  A. hundred    B. hundreds    C. hundred of   D. hundreds of

2. There’re many students in our school, ______ of them ____ girls. 2013 齐齐哈尔】   

  A. One third; is            B. One third; are         C. Two thirds; is

3. Lucy is shy. She would not invite her classmates _____dancing with her. 2013 江西】   

   A. practice      B. practices      C. practicing       D. to practice

4. Jackson ___ school two years ago and he ____ for two years.  2013 乌鲁木齐】     

  A. leaves; has gone                B. left; has been away      

  C. leaves; has been away           D. left; has gone

5. Kate’s dad is getting old. She will go back home to see him ___ it is convenient.   

   A. because     B.whenever    C.although   D.unless   2013江西】

6. I can’t play the piano, and _______.   2013 黄石】

  A. neither can my sister    B. my sister can’t, too  

  C. so can’t my sister        D. can my sister, either

 

 

2014年新版八年级下Unit 9 Have you ever been to a museum ?Section B重点短语归纳与考例 - 快乐英语 - 学好英语 改变人生

 

2014年新版八年级下Unit 9 Have you ever been to a museum ?Section B重点短语归纳与考例 - 快乐英语 - 学好英语 改变人生

 

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