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八年级下册Unit 10 I have had this bike for three years.个性化辅导讲义  

2015-02-20 21:00:16|  分类: 8下unit10 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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八年级下册Unit 10 I have had this bike for three years.个性化辅导讲义

课题

Unit 10 I’ve had this bike for three years .

教学目标

1.  掌握unit10单词,短语和句子。

2. 提高阅读理解和写作能力。

重点、难点

现在完成时,短暂性动词和持续性动词。

考点及考试要求

1.灵活运用本单元知识点。

2.提高阅读理解和写作能力。

教学内容

Step1 Key phrases

 

1.进行庭院拍卖会________________________       2.捐赠________________________

3.勾起美好的回忆________________________       4.需要帮助的人们________________________

5.不再________________________                 6.欢迎来到________________________

7.几个月________________________               8.观察,观看________________________

9.最后一件事________________________           10.清理________________________

11.与……分开________________________          12.至于我,对于我来说________________________

13.老实说________________________              14.玩一会________________________

15.在过去的13年里________________________     16.寻找工作________________________

17.以极大的兴趣关注着________________________  18.保持原状________________________

19.在我的那个年代________________________      20.根据________________________

21.20世纪中期________________________          22.为了________________________

23.迄今为止________________________             24.回到他们的家乡________________________

Step2 Key points

1. I’ve had it for three years. 我拥有它三年了。

【解析】for +一段时间  表示动作持续一段时间,用于现在完成时

2012湖北十堰2Ben is a foreign teacher. So far, he __ in Shiyan for five years.

          A. was teaching          B. has taught        C. will teach         D. taught

2.Because I don’t read it anymore . 因为我不用再读了。

【解析】no more ;not … anymore/  no longer ;not... any longer不再  

词语

同义词

用法

no longer

not… any longer

强调时间或动作“不再延续” , 与延续性动词连用

no more

not … any more

强调数量和程度“不再增加” , 与非延续性动词连用

  位置区别: 当修饰动词时,no longer通常置于be或行为动词前;

no more一般置于行为动词后。

   not... any longernot... any more常置于句末。

He can no longer walk. = He can’t walk any longer

The little girl no more cried. = The little girl didn’t cry any more.

(    ) It is late. We can not wait him _____.

      A. any more     B. no more     C. more

3. Because I’ve had it since I was a baby. 因为自从我很小的时候我就有它了。

【解析】since 自从         Since +从句(一般过去时),主句用现在完成时

   He has studied very hard since he came to our school.

【辨析】since for 在现在完成时态中的用法:

since

其后接时间点或时态为一般过去时

的句子,表示某事是从什么时候开始的

 I’ve been a soldier since two years ago

for

其后接时间段,

表示某事持续了多长时间

I’ve been a soldier for two years.

2011天津】My grandmother ___ a lot of changes in Tianjin since she came here.

    Asees          B. can see      C. will see       D. has seen

2011贵州毕节】I ______  many new friends since I came here

     Amake        Bmade        Cwill make     Dhave made

2013上海】—_______ have you been in the sports club?   —Since the first month I came to the school.

        A. How old      B. How long      C. How much      D. How soon

4. And check out these soft toys and board games for younger kids.

【解析】check out 查看;观察          check   v检查

2013浙江宁波】 Please _______(检查)your test paper before you hand it in.

2013安徽3I will meet Jane at the station, Please___ what time she will arrive.

     A. count    B. choose   C. check           D. catch

2013天津】— Julie said she sent you a birthday card yesterday. Have you got  it?

            Oh, really! I haven’t ____ my mailbox yet.

      A. examined       B. reviewed     C. tested    D. checked

5. For example , he’s owned a train and railway set since his fourth birthday, and he played with it almost every week until he was about seven.

例如从他四岁生日以来,就已经拥有了这列火车和铁轨的组合,大约七岁之前他几乎每周都要玩这个玩具。

【解析】own 拥有

own v 拥有owner n 物主     of one’s own 某人自己的      the owner of … ……的所有者

Who is the ____________(own) of the bike?

I want to see it with _______(I) own eyes.

6. My daughter was more understanding , although she felt sad to part with certain toys.

【解析1part with ……分开;失去(尤指舍不得的东西)They were sorry to part with the old house.

(     ) She felt sad to part with her lovely dog.

        A. find      B. lost      C. lose     D. found

7. certain  某种; 某事;某人 (在句中只能做定语,常与不定代词a连用,可修饰单、复数名词)

   A certain person called on me yesterday.

          adj. 确实的,无疑的

be certain of 对某事有把握      They are certain of success.

be certain to do sth 肯定做某事   He is certain to come.

be certain +that确信            I’m certain that he’ll come.

(     ) He is certain _____ to ninety.

       A. live      B. of live     C. to live     D. to living.

8. What will they do with the money they raise from the sale?他们要用卖东西筹集来的钱做什么?

【解析】do with 处理;对付(某人或某物)

             deal with  处理  how 连用

 do with 处理    what 连用

2011玉溪】We can’t decide what will happen in our life, but we can decide how we will _____it.

       A. agree with  B. begin with  C. deal with  D. come up with

(    ) ____ do you ____ your broken watch?  I am going to take it to the watchmaker’s .

       A. How; do with         B. What; deal with   C. How; deal with        D. What; did with

9. Nowadays , millions of Chinese leave the countryside to search for work in the cities. 如今,数百万的中国人离开农村到城市去寻找工作。

【解析】search  v 搜索;搜查

【记】research v研究,调查 search       search for 寻找;搜寻  They searched for him.

(    ) Millions of students want to search for good jobs in big cities.

      A. reach for     B. look for     C. care for     D. find for

10. Among these is Zhong Wei a 46-year-old husband and father.

 钟伟就是其中的一个人,他46岁,身为人夫和人父。

【解析】 among   prep在(其中); …….之一

among

介词,表示在三个或三个以上的人或物之中

The girl disappeared among the crowd

between

介词;表示两者之间

between … and …

I sit between Sue and Jane.

2013天津2The workers will build a new railroad ___ the two cities.

            A. since     B. between    C. among    D. during.

【内蒙古包头2His grade in the exam put him ___ the top students in his class.

     A. between        B. over       C. among       D. above

11. It’s a shame, but I just don’t have the time.” he says.

说起来真惭愧,但是我实在没有时间,”他说。

【解析】 shame  n 羞耻;羞愧;惭愧

It’s a shame to do sth 做某事是可耻的 It’s a shame to lie.

【拓展】 在口语中常用“ That’s a shame! / It’s a shame! /What a shame!”

真遗憾;多可惜啊

(     ) ______! You are leaving a good job.

       A. What a shame           B. How nice    C. Have a good time        D. Congratulations

12. Many people like Zhong Wei regard with great interest how their hometowns have changed.

  许多像钟伟那样的人视他们家乡发生了什么变化为最大的兴趣。

【解析】 regard ……认为,把……视为

regard…with… ……持某种态度   

regard … as … …… 当作…… I regard you as my friend.

 (     ) Don’t ____ others ___ fools! They know the truth of the matter.

        A. remember; to     B. regard ; with   C. take; for    D. regard ; as

13. “I noticed that’s true of my hometown,” adds Zhong Wei. “我注意到我的家乡就是这样的” ,钟伟又说道。

【解析】be true of 符合于;对……适用

     It can be true _____ helping each other.    A. for      B. with     C. from       D. of

14.In my hometown , there was a big old tree opposite the school.

   在我的家乡,学校对面有一棵很大、很古老的树。

【解析】opposite  prep对面的;另一边的 = across from.

We live on the opposite side of the street.

adj. 相对的;相反的

(     ) There is a bank across from the hospital.

       A. near     B. next to    C. behind    D. opposite

15. But he also thinks some things never change ,and his hometown is still the place that holds all his childhood back. 但是,他也认为有些事情从未改变,他的家乡仍是那个能把他带回童年回忆的家乡。

【解析】 hold (held; held) 拥有,抓住

【短语】hold a sports meeting 举行一场运动会

 hold back 阻挡      hold on 等等;别挂电话   hold on to 坚持

(     ) You have a good dream. Don’t give it up!

   A. Stop it     B. Hold on to it     C. Hold it back    D. Don’t take it out

2012安徽中考】 May I speak to Mr. Smith?----_____ ,please. I’ll see if he is in.

      A. Look out     B. Hold on     C. Keep up       D. Come on

16. Hey Eric, have you enjoyed your time in Beijing so far?  嗨,埃里克,到目前为止你在北京玩的开心吗?

【解析】so far 到现在为止    用于现在完成时中,它表示过去发生的动作延续到现在。

(     ) Ben is a foreign teacher. So far, he ____ in Shiyan for five years.

       A. was teaching      B. has taught     C. will teach    D. taught

Step 3 Exercises

一.单项选择

(   ) 1. I __________________ this bike for three years
      A. have had    B. have bought    C. have borrowed    D. have been

(   ) 2. Amy wants to keep her old things because they ___________ sweet memories.
      A. bring about   B. bring back    C. bring  with    D. bring to

(   ) 3. --- _____________ is it? -------- It’s 55 cents.

      A. How many    B. How price    C. How much    D. How expensive

(   ) 4. As they get bigger our house seems to get _____________ .

      A. small   B. the smallest   C. the smaller    D. smaller

(   ) 5. He doesn’t want to lose his toy monkey, _____________.

      A. either    B. neither    C. too     D. also

(   ) 6. Jim bought that car ___________________.
      A. for three weeks   B. since three weeks ago   C. three weeks ago   D. in three weeks

(   ) 7. Zhong Wei a 56-year-old husband and father __________ working in the city.

       A. are    B. were    C. is     D. will

(   ) 8. _____________to Zhong Wei, However, some things will never change.

       A. Accord      B. To accord     C. According    D. Accorded

(   ) 9. Have you ever thought about _________ a yard sale to sell your things?
      A have    B. to have     C. had     D. having

(   )10. I have learned ____________ ride a bike.

       A. what to    B. how to    C. why to    D. How I to

(   )11. —Hello, this is Jane. May I speak to Tom?—Sorry. He _____ the library. Please call him later.

A. went to         B. has been to   C. has gone to      D. has been in

(    )12. — My family are going to Hong Kong Disneyland on holiday next week!

—_____. How I wish I could go with you.

A. Don’t play too long B. You are welcome  C. Have a nice trip    D. I’d love to

(    )13. —Is there an underground in the city?—Yes. It _____ in 2005.

A . has built          B. was built   C. built              D. has been built

(    )14. Han Han, a young writer in China, has been successful since his first book The Three Successive Doors _____ in 2000.

A. came on          B. came back      C. came out          D. came from

(    )15. —Do you mind my turning on the TV?—_____. It’s time for me to do my homework.

A. No, please don’t   B. Sorry, but you’d better not    C. No, not at all     D. Of course you can

.完形填空

One day, a poor boy, who was selling news?papers from door to door in order to pay for his schooli ng, found he had only ten cents left, and he was      1    .He decided to ask for a meal at the next house. However, he changed his mind when a young woman opened the door.

Instead of a     2     he asked for a drink of wa?ter. But as he looked so hungry, she   3    him a large glass of milk. He drank it, and then asked, "How much do I owe () you?"

"My mother teaches me never to accept money for any     4    ,"she replied, “so you don't owe me anything.”

Many years later, the     5     became seriously ill. Then she was sen t to a famous    6       in London.

Dr Kelly was called in to study her illness.

When he     7     the name of the town which she came     8    , a strange light filled his eyes.

As soon as he walked into her room, he recog?nized (认出) her at once.

He did his best to     9     her. Then he gave special attention to her. After some time she got 10    .

Dr Kelly asked for her final bill     11     she left hospital. He looked at it, then     42   some?thing on it before it was sent to her. She was     13     to open it, for she believed it would take the rest of her life to    14     for it all. But finally she opened it, and read these words on it: Paid in full with one glass of     15     .

1. A. thirsty            B. hungry                    C. tired            D. excited

2. A. tomato             B. sweet                             C. meal            D. banana

3. A. ordered          B. brought                   C. sold            D. found

4. A. business          B. fitness                     C. illness        D. kindness

5. A. woman            B. boy                       C. man            D. mother

6. A. college            B. hotel                   C. dentist's       D. hospital

7. A. called            B. asked                             C. heard          D. told

8. A. to               B. from                    C. by               D. through

9. A. save                B. examine                  C. feed            D. protect

10. A. back              B. away                       C. well             D. worse

11. A. before           B. after                     C. when         D. bec ause

12. A. remembered    B. said                         C. noticed       D, wrote

13. A. excited          B. surprised                 C. afraid          D. ready

14. A. wait                     B. care                        C. search         D. pay

15. A. water           B. milk                        C. coffee         D. juiceZXXK]

三,

三,阅读理解

If you have a brother or sister, you already know you are different from each other. You live together in the same house and with the same parents ,but you have different personalities.

Why is this? One possible reason is the way your parent treat you.

First-born children receive all the attention or love from their parents. Most families have much more photos of the first-born child than those of second-born or last-born child. Parents usually give first-born kids more responsibility and ask them to take care of younger brothers and sisters. As a result, firs t-born are often responsible, hard-working and serious. They often want to do better at school and work. There are more first-born American presidents, such as George W. Bush, George Washington than second or last-born children.

The second child has to compete with the first-born for the parents’ attention and love so that it is easier for them to be jealous. These second-born children often choose different sports and hobbies to be good at school and work, but have to be creative to get their family’s attention. They are often friendly and cool. Many famous talk-show hosts or hostesses were born last .

1. The writer thinks that the second children are often ?????????????????????????????_______.

A. loving and understanding                B. cool and friendly

C. hard-working and serious                D. creative and responsible 

2. The underlined word “responsibility” me ans _______ in the passage

A. 担心           B. 关爱            C.  责任         D. 要求

3. _______is usually the most responsible in the family according to the passage.

A. The eldest child                       B. The second child

C. The youngest child                    D. The father

4. We can learn from the passage that _______ .

A. the second child is very similar to the fir st-born child

B. brothers and sisters usua lly have the same personalities

C. it’s easier for the second child to get his or her parents’ attention

D. there are different professions for first-born and second or last-born people

5. Which of the following is RIGHT according to the passage?

A. Children of different birth order often would have different personalities.

B. It is impossible to give the same love for each child in the family.

C. The eldest child wants to take the greatest responsibility for the whole family.

D. The second-born children don’t want to compete for the parents’ attention with the first-born sisters or brothers.

 

四,选词填空

   language  with     took  example  most     before     excited   with    pay     writer

 

Have you ever read Harry Potter and the Philosopher’s Stone? It must be the1          popular book for almost all the children in the world. The idea for the book came to J. K. Rowling in 1990. It2              her seven years to finish writing it. During those seven years she had a number of jobs, for3          ,

being an English teacher in Portugal. Rowling sent the book to four publishers (出版商) before one of them bought it. She was very 4          to sell her book because it was her dream to be a writer.5              she sold her book, Rowling was living in a small flat 6              her daughter and was very poor. She didn’t have enough money to7              for heat in winter. Harry Potter became a favorite with children and adults in England and then around the world. It was put into (被译成) more than thirty-five (8)              . After her second and third books were published, the three Harry Potter books filled the top three places on many newspapers lists of the most popular books. (9)               any question, Rowling’s life completely changed and she became one of the most famous women (10) ________in the world.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

完型31-35 BCBDA    36-40 DCBAC     4 1-45 ADCDB

阅读51-55 BCADA 

选词61. diet     62. important     63. girls      64. more     65. from

66 . also     67. Drinking      68. relaxed    69. slee p\ to sleep     70.when

 


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