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八年级下册Unit 10 I’ve had this bike for three years.全单元学案  

2015-02-20 21:04:37|  分类: 8下unit10 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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八年级下册Unit 10 Ive had this bike for three years.全单元学案

Unit 10 I’ve had this bike for three years?

   Section A  1a - 2d  ( 1课时)

学习目标:

知识目标:认知并熟练运用本课时重要单词和词组;                

能力目标:能听懂谈论人们拥有某物多长时间的话题,能熟练运用since, for 谈论自己的个人物品。

情感目标:正确处理并充分利用自己的废旧物品。

学习重点:会运用现在完成时。

学习难点:学习现在完成时表示过去某一段时间已经开始一直持续到现在的动作或者状态。

教学过程:

一、导学领航

New words

yard sale, toy bear, bread maker, scarf, soft toys, board games

二、自主学习

Pair work

Work on 1a. Show the things at the yard sale. Let the students talk about them in pairs by using the important sentences.

 --How long have you had that bike over there?

 --Ive had it for three years! I learned how to ride a bike on it.

三、合作探究

1. Listening

1b Listen and check () the facts you hear.

Keys: Jeffs family is having a yard sale.

     Amy thinks its hard to sell her old things.

     You can also give old things away to people in need.

2. Work on 1c

Practice the conversation. Then make conversations about other things in the picture above.

四、交流指导

Step 5 Listening 2a, 2b

Work on 2a. Listen and check () the things Amys family are giving away and circle the things they are keeping.

Work on 2b. Listen again and fill in the blanks.

3. Pair work

Work on 2c. Student A is Amys mom, Student B is Amy. Make new conversations according to 2c.

4.2d Role play the conversation

Let the students read 2d, then role play the conversations in pairs.

五、巩固提升

辨析:for since

for其后只能接表示“        ”的名词性短语,可用于多种时态,表示动作或状态持续时间段长短。

e.g. I have lived in this city for five years. 我在这座城市居住了5年了。

     He usually sleeps for twelve hours every day. 他通常每天睡12个小时。

since 其后接表示“        ”的短语或从句(过去时),也可以接        ”,常用于完成时态;还用于句型:“It is +时间段+since+一般过去时的句子”。表示过去某个时间发生并持续到说话时的动作或状态。

e.g. It is two years since I came to China. 自从我到中国以来已经两年了。

   She has worked here for five years. =She has worked here since five years ago.

     她在这儿工作5年了。

六、达标测评

(一)选择填空

1. -- ____ have you been married

  -- For twenty years.

  A. How far    B. How often    C. How long   D. How soon

2. If you sit in a chair ____ a long time, your back may begin to hurt.

   A. at         B. in          C. on          D. for

3. -- I often have hamburgers for lunch.

--Youd better not. Its bad for you ____ too much junk food.

A. eat         B. to eat         C. eating      D. ate

4. --- When did you _______ the bike?

  --- in 2012 . I have ______ it for two years.

 A.buy ; bought     B.have ; bought     C. buy ; had    D.bought; bought

5. --- How long has Mr.Green lived in Lanzhou?

  --- Hes lived here ______ 1998.

A. for        B. since         C. at     D. On

(二)用所给词的适当形式填空

1. Mr. Brown is the ______makeof the food

2.My father             (work) in the middle school for 20 years.

3. These ______ (scarf) are Ann’s and Alice’s.

4.Ann has had the sweater since she       befive years old. 

5.I think it’s hard             ridea horse. It’s dangerous.


 

Unit 10 I’ve had this bike for three years?

   Section A  3a - 3c  ( 2课时)

学习目标:

知识目标:掌握本课单词和短语

clear  clear out  bedroom  no longer own  railway  certain  honest  truthful  to be honest  part  part with   while                  

能力目标: 能从阅读中获得个人物品的相关信息。

情感目标:正确处理并充分利用自己的废旧物品。

学习重点:会运用现在完成时。

学习难点:学习现在完成时表示过去某一段时间已经开始一直持续到现在的动作或者状态。

教学过程:

一、导学领航

New words

1. bedroom n. 卧室

2. railway n. 铁路;铁道

3. junior adj. 地位 (或职位、级别) 低下的

junior high school 初级中学

e.g. We could give the job to somebody junior.

   我们可以把这份工作交给职位较低的人。

4. own v. 拥有;有

e.g. Most households now own at least one car. 大多数家庭现在至少有一辆汽车。

5. truthful   adj. 诚实的;老实的

e.g. He was not always truthful.

   他并非总是说真话。

二、自主学习

 Fast reading

3a Read the article written by a father for a newspaper. What is his family going to sell at the yard sale?

三、合作探究

Careful reading

Read the passage and choose true (T) or false (F)

1. My daughter is 15 and my boy has already started junior high school.

2. Our house really get smaller.

3. My son was quite sad at first.

4. My daughter felt happy to part with certain toys.

5. I want to give up my football shirts.

四、交流指导

3b Read the article again and answer the questions.

1. Why did they decide to have a yard sale?

2. What do they want to do with the money from the sale?

3. Why does the son want to keep his train and railway set?

4. How can the old toys be useful again?

5. Have you ever thought about having a yard sale to sell your things?

五、巩固提升

phrase practice

Find the words or phrases in the article which can be replaced with the ones below and write them next to the words. 

lose part with          kids--_______   truthful--_______     

many -- _____  some time--______  even though--_____   

quickly--______        older--_____

六、达标测评

(一)单项选择

1. My best friend Tom is ____ an honest boy. You can believe him.

   A. a   B. an   C. the   D. /

2. Is Mr. Smith still in Shanghai?

   -- Yes, he ____ there for two months.

  A. has been          B. has gone    C. has been to      D. has gone to

3You should drink some hot tea ________ honey.

A. in                           B. on                          C. with                       D.of

4.The children decide ________ their school yard this Friday afternoon.

A. clean                      B. to clean                         C. cleaning                        D.cleaned

5. My uncle has moved to Beijing. He doesnt live here ______.

A. at all                     B. any longer                     C. no more                 D.any time

(二)用所给词适当形式填空:

1.We decide  _______________sellthe old things.

2.Lucy doesnt seem _________(like ) the idea.

3.The old man is very  ___________(truth) . He never tells a lie.

4.The house ________ (be) here for over 30 years .

5.We  ___________(have t) the car for two years.


 

Unit 10 I’ve had this bike for three years?

   Section A Grammar focus4c ( 3课时)

学习目标:

知识目标:掌握现在完成时的用法                 

能力目标:正确区分现在完成时与一般过去时;正确运用for since的用法。

情感目标:正确处理并充分利用自己的废旧物品。

学习重点:会运用现在完成时。

学习难点:学习现在完成时表示过去某一段时间已经开始一直持续到现在的动作或者状态。

教学过程:

一、导学领航

Group work

出示下面的典型例句,让学生们先自己观察句子结构,对比现在完成时和一般过去时的不同。

1. How long have you had that bike over there? 那边的那辆自行车你买了多长时间了?

  Ive had it for three years. 我买了三年了。

2. How long has his son owned the train and railway set? 他的儿子拥有这套轨道火车多长时间了?

  Hes owned it since his fourth birthday. 自他四岁生日起,他就拥有了它。

3. Have you ever played football?  你曾经踢过足球吗?

  Yes, I did when I was little, but I havent played for a while now.

  是的,当我很小时就踢过,但是现在我有好长一段时间没有踢了。

二、自主学习

4a Rewrite the sentences using for or since

1. Jim is in Japan. He arrived there three years ago.

 

2.  They are very hungry. Their last meal was ten hours ago.

  

3. I have a camera. I bought it in 2009.

 

4. I know Ann. I first met her three years ago.

 

5. Linda is ill. She became ill on Monday.

 

Step 4 4b Fill in the blanks with correct forms of the verbs in brackets.

1. I __________ (never be) to the water park before. I want to _____ (go) next month before the weather gets too cold. 

2. They _____________ (never own) any pets, but they ___________ (always want) to have a dog.

3. We ________ (have) a piano since last November. We ______ (buy) it from the Li family when they moved to the US last year.

4. Cathy and Amy __________ (not be) back to their hometown for two years. They _______ (miss) their hometown a lot and hope to visit the place next year.

5. This museum __________ (be) here for over 20 years. It ______ (be) one of the oldest buildings in this small town.

三、合作探究

4c Fill in the questions and ask two students. Then complete the chart.

1. Do you have a(n) _______? How long have you had it?

2. Do you own a(n)_______? How long have you owned it?

四、巩固提升

非延续性动词和延续性动词之间的转换

1. 转换为相应的延续性动词,用于现在完成时。

  borrow keep  buy have  put on wear

  catch a cold have a cold  get to know know

  get to sleep sleep

2. 转化为“be + 形容词/副词/介词/名词”

 begin / start be on    go out be out      close be closed

 open be open        get to/arrive/reach be (in)

 die be dead         leave be away     finish be over

 fall sleep be asleep   join be in/be a member of

 become be          make friends be friends

 come/go be + 相应的介词短语

五、达标测评

选择填空

1Do you miss your parents far away?

Yes, very much. They ________  the hometown since two years ago..

A. left           B.have left   C. were away from   D.have been away from

2Hurry up! The film ________ for fifteen minutes..

A. begin                     B.has begun                      C. is beginning                  D. has been on

3She ____________this book since she bought it from the bookstore.

. A. has borrowed              B.has lent                          C.has bought                     D. has kept

4Mr Fan __________this watch in 2005. He ________ it for 8 years.

. A. bought;has had                   B.bought; has          

C.has bought;has had               D. has bought; had

5Some students in Shanghai ___________ e-bags for several months.

 A. have              B.have had                        C.had                  D.will have

 


 

Unit 10 I’ve had this bike for three years?

   Section B 1a2d( 4课时)

学习目标:

知识目标:掌握本课单词和短语

clear  clear out  bedroom  no longer own  railway  certain  honest  truthful  to be honest  part  part with   while                  

能力目标:能从阅读中获得自己周围的事物变化的相关信息。

情感目标:珍惜自己周围事物的变化,感恩社会,汇报社会,关爱他人。

学习重点:会运用现在完成时。

学习难点:学习现在完成时表示过去某一段时间已经开始一直持续到现在的动作或者状态。

教学过程:

一、导学领航

Warming up

Talk about your hometown.

Where is your hometown?

Do you like your hometown?

What are some of the special places in your hometown?

二、自主学习

1a Check () the places or things you can find in your town or city.

____ a museum  ____a primary school

____ a bridge      ____ a zoo

____ a park         ____a hill   

____ a library      ____ a river

1b Listen and answer the questions

1. Does Martin like Jennys hometown?

2. Does Jenny still live in her hometown?

3. What is behind the science museum?

What do people do there on weekends?

1c Listen again and fill in the chart about the places in Jennys hometown.

1d Talk about your town/city with a partner according to the conversation.

A: My city is lovely.

B: What are some of the special places there?

A: Well, theres a concert hall there. Its been around for at least 20 years.

三、合作探究

Warming up

How often do you visit your hometown?

What are the changes in your hometown?

2a careful reading

Answer the questions before you read. Then read the passage to find out your answers are the same as in the passage.

1. Why do millions of Chinese leave the countryside every year?

2. How often do you think these people visit their hometowns?

3. What new buildings does the government usually build in towns and villages?

2b Find expressions in the passage that have the same meanings as these words and phrases.

1. look for search for    5. go back   return

2. consider regard   6. changes developments

3. across from  opposite     7. area   place

4. in ones opinion  according to

四、交流指导

Exercise

2c Complete the summary with words from the passage. You may need to change the forms of the words.

Many Chinese people these days leave their _________ to work in _______. They usually _____ to their hometown one or two times a ______. Zhong Wei hasnt been back in close to three years. He has been working in a _____ factory in Wenzhou for the past 13 years

People like him are _________ in how their hometowns are changing. New buildings are often built by the ___________. Zhong Wei thinks these changes are ______ because things need to change in order to become better. But he also thinks some things _________ change, and his hometown is still the place that holds all his childhood_________.

五、巩固提升

2d Think of changes that happening in your town or city today. Which changes are generally good? Which changes could be seen as bad?

六、达标测评

单项选择

1. I dont believe that this ___boy can paint such a nice picture.

A. five years old  B. five-years-old C. five-year-old

2. According ____ Mr. Wang, well go on a trip this weekend.

  A. in   B. that  C. who  D. what 

3. Look! Shes standing ___ the ten children.

A. among  B. between  C. of  D. from

4. --Can you give me some information about vacation trips? 

  -- Why not _________ going to Hainan Island?

  A. consider  B. mind  C. keep    D. think 

5. --Did you go to Kenli during the Peach Blossom Festival (桃花节)?

  --Yes. The flowers were beautiful. Bees were flying         them.

  A. in      B. among        C. between        D. through

6. Nowadays millions of Chinese leave the countryside to_______ for the work in cities.

  A. looked     B. search    C. find   D. see 

 

Unit 10 I’ve had this bike for three years?

   Section B 3a-Self check( 5课时)

学习目标:

知识目标:复习本单元所学单词和短语                  

能力目标: 能写一篇关于自己身边事物变化的文章。

情感目标:珍惜自己周围事物的变化,感恩社会,汇报社会,关爱他人。

学习重点:会运用现在完成时。

学习难点:学习现在完成时表示过去某一段时间已经开始一直持续到现在的动作或者状态。

教学过程:

一、导学领航

总结本单元必记单词、常考短语、经典句型

二、自主学习

3a Think about your favorite things from childhood which you still have. For example, it can be a toy or a book. Then take notes using the questions.

1. How long have you had it?

2. How did you get it? Did someone give it to you? Who?

3. Why do you like it so much? Why is it special?

4. Can you say anything more about it?

三、合作探究

Step 3 Writing

Write three paragraphs about your favorite thing. Use your notes in 3a to help you.

In the first paragraph, introduce your favorite thing.

In the second paragraph, talk about why it is special.

In the third paragraph, write about a story or memories.

My favorite thing

写作指导

useful sentences: 

My favorite thing from childhood is _______________. Ive had it for/since ___________. _______________ gave it to me.

I like ____________so much because _______________________.Its special to me because______________. I think _______________________.

____________________ has given me many memories. I remember when _________________.

参考范文

My favorite thing

   My favorite thing from childhood is a toy car. I have had it for 6 years. My father gave it to me when I was five years old.

I like it so much because I played with it every day until I went to school. Its special to me because it was my fifth birthday gift that my father bought.

The toy car has given me many memories. I remember when I was seven I still played with it. I would never go to bed without it. One day I couldnt find it after I returned home from school. I asked my parents to help me find it. We looked for it everywhere until my mother found it under my bed.

四、交流指导

Self-check

1. Complete the sentences using for or since.

1. I havent been to a museum

2. I havent written a letter

3. I havent ridden a bike

4. I havent seen a movie

5. I havent played computer games

2. Complete the conversation

A: Hey Eric, _______ you enjoyed your time in Beijing so far?

B: Yes, it ___ been great! Everyone is so friendly.

A: How long _____ you been in China now?

B: Oh, I __________ here _____ about two years now.

A: Wow, that means you havent ______back to the US for two years.

B: No, I ____ been back twice_____ moving to China.____ you been to the US before, Li Juan

A: Yes, I went there once when I _____ 10 years old, but I _____ not been back _____

五、巩固提升

Write a short passage about your favorite thing, use the useful sentences in 3b.

六、达标测评

单项选择

1. Jackie Chan has donated ______ dollars to charity.

He is an example to us all.

A. thousand                                           B. thousands

C. thousand of                                       D. thousands of

2. --Can you give me some information about vacation trips? 

-- Why not _________ going to Hainan Island?

A. consider  B. mind  C. keep    D. think 

3. --Did you go to Kenli during the Peach Blossom Festival (桃花节)?

--Yes. The flowers were beautiful. Bees were flying         them.

A. in             B. among           C. between      D. through

4. Nowadays millions of Chinese leave the countryside to_______ for the work in cities.

A. looked     B. search      C. find       D. see 

5. Mr. Jack ______ China for several years.

A. has been to                                            B. has come to

C. has been in                                             D. came to

 


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